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Warts - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Warts in Urdu

یہ جلد پر ابھار کی صورت میں بنتے ہیں اور اکثر اوقات ان سے ہاتھ اور انگلیاں ہی متاثر ہوتے ہیں۔ یہ ایک وائرس کے باعث ہونے والی بیماری ہے جو کہ متاثرہ افراد  سے دوسروں میں پھیل سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Warts in English

Common warts are small granules on skin that usually occur on the fingers or hands. Warts affected by touch often have the pattern of small black dots, which are small, clotted blood vessels. Common warts are caused by the virus and transmitted when touched. A wart can develop two to six months after skin contact with the virus. Common warts are usually harmless and eventually disappear by themselves. However, many people choose to remove them because they find them disturbing or embarrassing.

It may be a bump with a rough surface or may be flat and smooth in appearance. Most warts do not need special treatment as they are not painful. But if they are painful or spreading from one place to another it can be treated by any of the following methods;

  • Application of salicylic acid or duct tape.
  • Freezing the wart
  • Removing the wart with surgery

Symptoms of Warts

Common warts are usually on the fingers or hands and can be:

  • Small fleshy and granular tumors
  • Chair, white, pink or beige
  • Rough to the touch
  • Sprayed with blackheads, small blood vessels

Causes of Warts

Human papillomavirus HPV is the caused by warts. The virus is quite common and has over 150 species, but few cause warts on the hands. Some HPV strains are acquired through sexual contact. However, most forms are spread by accidental contact with the skin or by common items such as towels or sponges. The virus usually spreads through skin lesions such as claws or scratches. Nail biting can also lead to nipples on the fingertips and around the nails.

Every immune system reacts differently than HPV, so anyone who's in contact with HPV has no warts.

Risk Factors of Warts

People at risk of developing typical warts are:

  • Children and adolescents because their body may not be immune to the virus
  • People with weakened immune systems, such as HIV / AIDS or transplanted organs

Preventive Measures of Warts

How to reduce the risk of common warts:

Avoid direct contact with warts. 

This includes your own warts.

Do not use the same sanding pad, pumice or nail clippers as for healthy skin and nails. Use a disposable grinding plate.

Do not bite your nails. 

Warts are more common in the skin, which is broken. Plucking the skin around the nail opens the door to the virus.

Married with care.

 Avoid brushing, cutting or shaving areas with warts.