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Psoriasis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Psoriasis in Urdu

یہ جلد کے خلیوں کی عمر کم ہوجانے کی بیماری ہے جس کی وجہ سے خلیے جلد مرنے لھتے ہیں اور نئے خلیے بننے کا عمل تیز ہو جاتا ہے۔ اس وجہ سے جلد پر مردہ خلیے جمع ہونے لگتے ہیں جو خشکی کی شکل اختیار کر سکتے ہیں اور بعض اوقات درد اور تکلیف کا باعث بھی بنتے ہیں۔

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Summary about Psoriasis in English

Psoriasis in Urdu is چنبل which is a fairy recurrent skin disorder which quickens the skin cells’ life cycle. The cells build over each other on the skin’s surface. These built up skin areas might appear as itchy, and even painful, patches. It is a chronic condition with symptoms repetitively appearing and then receding. This condition is treated in a way as to halt the continued speedy skin growth. Psoriasis in Urdu is called ‘chambal’.

While no cure has been found yet, the symptoms are manageable. Frequent moisturizing, smoking cessation and stress management have been known to help.

Psoriasis shows up typically in the early adulthood phase. The skin area it affects in most people is usually restricted to only a few. However, severe psoriasis can appear over bigger body portions. These built up patches can go away and come back again at another point of the person’s life.


Symptoms of Psoriasis

Symptoms for psoriasis include:

  • Red skin growths appear that are usually covered by a silver-colored scale layer. These growths might seem itchy and cause pain. They might also crack which would lead to bleeding. They might also grow even further and join each other to enlarge the patched area.
  • . Fingernails and toenails could show discoloration and appear pitted. They might even crumble or even separate from the nail bed.
  • Patched and crusted skin growths on the scalp.

A particular type of psoriasis could also cause joint pain in the people suffering from it.


Causes of Psoriasis

Experts have observed that while this condition’s cause has not been discovered, it is likely to be an amalgamation of factors. The immune system might function incorrectly which could cause inflammation that could in turn trigger cell formation to speed up too much. New skin cells form ever 3 to 4 days in people with psoriasis, compared to the 10 to 30 days in people without psoriasis. The silver scales are created when the older skin growth gets replaced by the new cell buildup.

Psoriasis has a strong genetic component to it. However, it can skin multiple generations in families with members that have it.

Things that can trigger an outbreak of psoriasis include: There are other factors as well that might trigger psoriasis. Doctors have identified cuts or scratches as triggering factors. Moreover, they have also listed emotional distress and strep infections as causal factors.


Risk Factors of Psoriasis

While psoriasis can affect anyone, researchers have discovered a few things that might make one more susceptible to the condition. Arguably, the most important risk factor is the family history. If the person has lineage members that have had psoriasis, they are immediately more likely to develop the skin disorder. Having two parents with this condition raises the susceptibility even more.

Infections can also raise the risk of getting psoriasis. People having HIV can develop psoriasis much more easily than healthier people.

Another risk factor that has been documented to pave way for the progression of psoriasis is stress. Other factors that could heighten the risk include being overly fat or obese and smoking addiction.


Preventive Measures of Psoriasis

The symptoms of psoriasis may come and go, but there’s no cure for the condition. The best preventive measures involve avoiding the triggering factors. Psoriasis triggers vary from person to person.

One risk factor to target is stress; higher levels of stress have been associated with outbreak of psoriasis.  Certain medical drugs can also affect the body’s immune system. As psoriasis has been shown to be caused by the body’s autoimmune response, these drugs should be avoided. Among them are lithium, the go-to drug to manage bipolar disorder and antimalarial medicine.

Skin injuries should also be avoided as much as possible as they can be a triggering factor for psoriasis. Eating healthy and exercising adequately should also be included in the plan to avoid the skin disorder as being obese has been shown to worsen the psoriasis symptoms.


Types of Psoriasis

  • Plaque Psoriasis.The most prevalent type is plaque psoriasis. 80% of the people having the skin condition have this type.
  • Guttate Psoriasis.This type typically manifests in either childhood or the young adulthood phase. Miniature red patches appear on the body trunk and the limbs.
  • Inverse Psoriasis. This type usually affects the areas in the folds of the skin like underarms, the genitals and area below the breasts.
  • Pustular Psoriasis. This is a very uncommon type and it mainly shows up in those who have reached adulthood. It is characterized by pustules, or pus-filled growths with red skin around them.
  • Erythrodermic Psoriasis. While erythrodermic psoriasis is the most uncommon type, it is much more serious than the others. It is characterized by an apparently burned, fiery skin that covers a major area of the body
  • Nail Psoriasis. Nail psoriasis affects about 50 percent of people who have psoriasis. Moreover, it is more prevalent in those that have psoriatic arthritis.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis. This type affects the person’s joints; people having this condition appear to manifest both psoriatic and arthritic (joint inflammation) symptoms.

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