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Acrodermatitis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Acrodermatitis in Urdu

ایکروڈرماٹائٹسجلد کی ایک بیماری ہے جو کہ تین ماہ سے پندرہ سال تک کی عمر کے بچوں کو متاثر کرتی ہے۔ اس بیماری میں جلد پر سرخ دانے، بخار اور چبھن کی علامات سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔ یہ بیماری ایک بچے سے دوسروں میں پھیل سکتی ہے۔ اس بیماری سے نجات میں تین ماہ تک کا وقت لگ سکتا ہے۔

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Summary about Acrodermatitis in English

Acrodermatitis or Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is a common skin condition that usually affects children aged 3 months to 15 years. Papular acrodermatitis of the child is the full name of the disease. Acrodermatitis causes red or purple blisters that sting the body. Children can also develop a swollen abdomen, fever, and swollen lymph nodes. Although acrodermatitis itself is not contagious, the viruses that cause it are contagious. This means that children who regularly interact with each other catch a virus and develop acrodermatitis simultaneously. Acrodermatitis can also occur in the siblings of children who have already had the disease. This can sometimes happen up to a year after the presentation of the original case. Acrodermatitis is more common in spring and summer. This usually takes four to eight weeks but can last up to four months. It usually stops without treatment or complications.
Causes:

It is caused by a virus known as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). But it can be also caused by;

  • HIV 
  • hepatitis A, B, and C 
  • cytomegalovirus
  • enterovirus
  • rotavirus
  • rubella

Signs and Symptoms:

It may develop completely in 3 to 4 days. Initially, red spots develop on the skin anywhere on the body and with the progression of the disease these spots may appear purple. Then a stage comes when these purple spots will develop into itchy blisters filled with fluid.

Treatment:

It usually does not require the treatment and the symptoms may go away on their own.
But the usual treatment may include; 
Consult your child’s physician right away if your child shows any of the symptoms of acrodermatitis. It’s important that the cause of your child’s condition be treated as soon as possible. Once they will receive treatment, the symptoms will disappear and lead to the recovery without experiencing any complications