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Actinic Keratosis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Actinic Keratosis in Urdu

جلد کو متاثر کرنے والی یہ بیماری سورج کا زیادہ سامنا کرنے کے باعث پیدا ہوتی ہے۔ اس بیماری میں جلد سرخ، خشک ہو کر اور چھلکوں کی صورت میں اترنے لگتی ہے۔ ہو سکتا ہے اس سے بننے والے ذخم ک آپ ہاتھ سے ختم کر دیں لیکن یہ دوبارہ سے بن جائے گا۔ یہ بیماری چالیس سال سے زیادہ عمر کے افراد میں پایئ جاتی ہے۔ اس سے بچنے کے لیے ضروری ہے کہ الٹرا وائیلٹ شعائوں سے بچا جائے اور سورج کی روشنی کا کم سامنا کیا جائے۔

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Summary about Actinic Keratosis in English

Actinic keratosis (AK) is a skin disease characterized by rough, scaly patches of skin. Solar keratosis is another name for AK. It is a form of precancer, which indicates that it may progress to cancer if it is not treated. Without treatments, AK can evolve into squamous cell carcinoma, which is a kind of skin cancer.

Symptoms of Actinic Keratosis

The early symptoms of actinic keratosis are:

  • Rough and raised lumps on the skin
  • Lumps with yellow or brown crust on top
  • Bumps of red, gray, pink, or skin color

Some other symptoms can be:

  • Bleeding
  • Itching, stinging or burning
  • Lips with dry, scaly skin
  • Skin growths that resemble animal horns and protrude from the skin
  • Tenderness or pain

Causes of Actinic Keratosis

Actinic keratoses are caused as a result of abnormal skin cell development due to:

  • DNA damage by short-wavelength UVB
  • Poor immune function
  • Aging
  • Predisposing disease
  • Certain drugs

Treatment

The treatments for AK might include:

  • Medications 
  • Cryotherapy
  • Scraping 
  • Laser therapy
  • Photodynamic therapy

Preventive Measures of Actinic Keratosis

You take the following preventive measures to protect yourself from AK:

  • Limit your exposure to the sun and avoid spending time in the sun between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
  • You must protect your skin by applying a sunscreen with at least an SPF of 30 even when it is cloudy.
  • Wear tightly woven clothing that covers your arms and legs for additional solar protection.

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