Brain Tumor - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Brain Tumor in Urdu

دماغ ایک نازک عضو ہے جو کہ جسم میں اہم ترین فرایض انجام دینے کا ذمہ دار ہے۔ دماغ کے خلیے اپنی عمر پوری کرنے کے بعد  مر جاتے ہیں اور ان کی جگہ ویسے ہی نئے خلیے لے لیتے ہیں۔ نئے اور پرانے خلیوں کی تعداد میں قائم یہ توزن اگر خراب ہوجائے اور نئے خلیے مقررہ تعداد سے زیادہ بننے لگیں تو اضافی خلیے ٹیومر کی شکل اختیار کر لیتے ہیں۔ دماغ کے ٹیومر کینسر کی شکل بھی اختیار کر سکتے ہیں۔ ماہر امراض دماغ سے رابطہ اور مشورہ کرنے کے لیے مرہم ویب سائٹ کا استعمال کیا جا سکتا ہے۔ 

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Summary about Brain Tumor in English

The brain is a very soft, malleable and spongy collection of tissue. Most cells die when they get old or damaged and newer cells take over them. This process at times can go wrong; it happens that new cells are produced in excess while the older ones do not die out. The result is the building up of a collection of tissues we refer to as a growth or a tumor. Within the context, the brain, the cells going haywire are the brain cells. Many cells that are like bricks to the brain and the central nervous give rise to these primary brain tumors. 

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Symptoms of Brain Tumor

The brain tumor’s size, kind and where it is situated determines the symptoms. They can manifest when the tumor damages some of the brain or when it cushions a nerve. Sometimes the tumor might cause the swelling up of the brain by restricting the fluid that runs all over the brain.

The typical symptoms of brain tumor are as below:

  • Headaches(headaches in the morning are worse)
  • Feeling dizzy and throwing up
  • Any alteration in the actions of speaking, seeing or listening
  • Walking or balancing becomes an issue
  • Changes in mood, personality, or ability to concentrate Alterations in personality, focusing ability or mood
  • Memorizing or recalling becomes an issue
  • Twitching or seizures and convulsions could happen
  • Arms or legs feel a tingling sensation or are numb

Usually these signs and symptoms are not related to brain tumors but to another health complication.


Risk Factors of Brain Tumor

There are numerous risk factors of brain tumors that have been established by research. Age is an important factor as brain tumors are mostly diagnosed in children and adults who are in older ages. Men are at a higher risk of developing a brain tumor. Exposure to external chemicals such as solvents, rubber, products that have oil in their ingredients or pesticides also elevate the risk. There is evidence also to support that there is a genetic component to 5% of all brain tumors, so if there is anyone in the family that has brain tumor, that could be a risk factor as well. Exposure to radiation, and head injuries have also been listed as risk factors of brain tumor, however more research is required.

Preventive Measures of Brain Tumor

Preventive measures can target the identified causes, like decreasing exposure to radiation and tumor causing chemicals. Furthermore, doctors should be advised that if they do find that the client is more susceptible to developing brain tumor, they should not expose them to too much radiation and use radiation therapy minimally. However, there are not many things that can be done to prevent brain tumor.

Types of Brain Tumor

There are two types of primary brain tumors:

  • Benign brain tumor: this type is not made up of cancer cells and can be removed without the danger of it growing back. It is very rare that benign tumor cells try to forcefully enter the neighboring tissue, neither do they go out into different body parts. However, grave health issues can come up due to them pressing down on brain areas that are very sensitive. In fact, they can prove to be life threatening as well. There is also a chance that this type could transform into a malignant brain tumor.
  • Malignant brain tumor: this type does have cancer cells and is much more serious and life-threatening than benign brain tumor. They tend to develop at a rapid rate and also can invade the neighboring brain tissue. The cancer cells can also spread to different brain areas during the process of them breaking away from the brain tumor.