Brain Tumor - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Brain Tumor in Urdu

دماغ ایک نازک عضو ہے جو کہ جسم میں اہم ترین فرایض انجام دینے کا ذمہ دار ہے۔ دماغ کے خلیے اپنی عمر پوری کرنے کے بعد  مر جاتے ہیں اور ان کی جگہ ویسے ہی نئے خلیے لے لیتے ہیں۔ نئے اور پرانے خلیوں کی تعداد میں قائم یہ توزن اگر خراب ہوجائے اور نئے خلیے مقررہ تعداد سے زیادہ بننے لگیں تو اضافی خلیے ٹیومر کی شکل اختیار کر لیتے ہیں۔ دماغ کے ٹیومر کینسر کی شکل بھی اختیار کر سکتے ہیں۔ ماہر امراض دماغ سے رابطہ اور مشورہ کرنے کے لیے مرہم ویب سائٹ کا استعمال کیا جا سکتا ہے۔ 

Doctors For Brain Tumor

Profile Photo of Neurologist in Quetta - Prof. Dr. Muhammad Saleem Barech

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Saleem Barech

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Asst. Prof. Dr. Waqas Arshad

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Prof. Dr. Arif Herekar

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Prof. Dr. Inayat Ullah Khan

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Asst. Prof. Dr. Ghulam Mujtaba

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Dr. Moazzam Javaid Cheema

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Summary about Brain Tumor in English

Marham is Pakistan's leading healthcare platform that provides the best doctors for a brain tumor in Pakistan. You can book an appointment with the best brain tumor doctor in Pakistan or also call to know the brain tumor treatment price in Pakistan. We are trusted by our top neurologists for brain tumor treatment who are known for their quality services and treatments based on medical experience, practice locations, availability hours, patient reviews, and fees. 

What is Brain Tumor?

A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of brain cells, forming masses or clusters in the brain. A brain tumor can be either benign/non-cancerous or malignant/cancerous. Brain tumor growth puts pressure on the brain and damages brain tissues. It metastasizes to other body parts; therefore, timely diagnosis and treatment are necessary; otherwise, death can also occur.

Types of Brain Tumors

A brain tumor is categorized into:  

1. Benign Tumors don’t spread to nearby body tissues or organs, rather stay at their primary location, cause compression without tissue invasion, and grow slowly. Being less harmful, they don’t require surgery. But once removed or healed, they are less likely to reoccur.  

2. Malignant Tumors occur when the abnormal brain cells uncontrollably divide and spread to nearby organs through the lymphatic system or bloodstream, and hence require emergency treatment. 

3. Choroid Plexus Carcinoma is the rarest form of brain tumor, mainly affecting children. It starts from the cerebrospinal fluid-producing brain tissues, thereby increasing brain fluid and thus aggravating the disease.

Symptoms of Brain Tumor

The symptoms of a brain tumor depend upon its size, location, and growth. Yet, a few common symptoms include:

  • Severe headache that doesn’t go away on its own or persists for a few minutes to multiple hours

  • Vision alterations might occur when the tumor inserts the pressure on the optic nerve

  • Speech issues occur when a tumor exists in the cerebrum’s frontal or temporal lobe

  • Hearing issues because of tumor growth on acoustic neuromas nerve responsible for hearing 

  • Difficulty in maintaining balance due to headache, nausea, and weakness 

  • Behavioral changes, fatigue, confusion, irritability, or even seizure

Any of these symptoms should not be ignored as serious complications might result. Consult the best doctors in Pakistan listed on Marham for brain tumor treatment. 

Causes of Brain Tumor

Brain tumors might result because of:

  • A person with a family history of brain tumor, so he genetically inherit the disease 

  • Under or overage, thus, occur in children or older adults 

  • Weak immune system and exposure to infections, viruses, or allergens inducing abnormal brain cell growth

  • Head injuries inducing brain clots or abnormal cell growth  

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is diagnosed with:

  • Blood test

  • Computed Tomography scan

  • Positron emission tomography scan  

  • A magnetic resonance imaging scan

  • Diagnostic angiogram  

  • Open biopsy

Treatment of Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is treated with the following options: 

  • Medication including alkylating agents, antineoplastics, or antiangiogenics     

  • Surgeries like a biopsy, craniotomy, or neuro endoscopy 

  • Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy

Preventions of Brain Tumor

Unfortunately, brain tumors can't be prevented. Yet, its developing risks can be lowered by: 

  • Quit smoking

  • Eating a balanced diet

  • Exercising regularly

  • Limiting exposure to radiation, insecticides, pesticides, and carcinogens

Symptoms of Brain Tumor

The brain tumor’s size, kind and where it is situated determines the symptoms. They can manifest when the tumor damages some of the brain or when it cushions a nerve. Sometimes the tumor might cause the swelling up of the brain by restricting the fluid that runs all over the brain.

The typical symptoms of brain tumor are as below:

  • Headaches(headaches in the morning are worse)
  • Feeling dizzy and throwing up
  • Any alteration in the actions of speaking, seeing or listening
  • Walking or balancing becomes an issue
  • Changes in mood, personality, or ability to concentrate Alterations in personality, focusing ability or mood
  • Memorizing or recalling becomes an issue
  • Twitching or seizures and convulsions could happen
  • Arms or legs feel a tingling sensation or are numb

Usually these signs and symptoms are not related to brain tumors but to another health complication.


Risk Factors of Brain Tumor

There are numerous risk factors of brain tumors that have been established by research. Age is an important factor as brain tumors are mostly diagnosed in children and adults who are in older ages. Men are at a higher risk of developing a brain tumor. Exposure to external chemicals such as solvents, rubber, products that have oil in their ingredients or pesticides also elevate the risk. There is evidence also to support that there is a genetic component to 5% of all brain tumors, so if there is anyone in the family that has brain tumor, that could be a risk factor as well. Exposure to radiation, and head injuries have also been listed as risk factors of brain tumor, however more research is required.

Preventive Measures of Brain Tumor

Preventive measures can target the identified causes, like decreasing exposure to radiation and tumor causing chemicals. Furthermore, doctors should be advised that if they do find that the client is more susceptible to developing brain tumor, they should not expose them to too much radiation and use radiation therapy minimally. However, there are not many things that can be done to prevent brain tumor.

Types of Brain Tumor

There are two types of primary brain tumors:

  • Benign brain tumor: this type is not made up of cancer cells and can be removed without the danger of it growing back. It is very rare that benign tumor cells try to forcefully enter the neighboring tissue, neither do they go out into different body parts. However, grave health issues can come up due to them pressing down on brain areas that are very sensitive. In fact, they can prove to be life threatening as well. There is also a chance that this type could transform into a malignant brain tumor.
  • Malignant brain tumor: this type does have cancer cells and is much more serious and life-threatening than benign brain tumor. They tend to develop at a rapid rate and also can invade the neighboring brain tissue. The cancer cells can also spread to different brain areas during the process of them breaking away from the brain tumor.