Home Search Menu Profile

Multiple Sclerosis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Doctors For Multiple Sclerosis

Prof. Dr. Muhamma...

4.77 / 5 (1285 Reviews)

Experience: 27 years

Rs. 2,500

Prof. Dr. Arif He...

4.4 / 5 (463 Reviews)

Experience: 39 years

Rs. 2,500

Dr. Khalid Jameel

4.65 / 5 (2238 Reviews)

Experience: 36 years

Rs. 3,500

Dr. Husnain Hashi...

4.61 / 5 (1586 Reviews)

Experience: 23 years

Rs. 1,500

Asst. Prof. Dr. G...

4.8 / 5 (270 Reviews)

Experience: 10 years

Rs. 2,000

Dr. Ahmed Wali

4.74 / 5 (610 Reviews)

Experience: 8 years

Rs. 1,700

Book Video Consultation

Book Video Consultation

Stay Home

No Waiting in lines

Audio/Video Call

PMC Verified Doctors

Summary about Multiple Sclerosis

What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)?

Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and the spinal cord disrupting the brain signals and thus the message they carry to the body. The disease occurs when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath which is a protective sheath around the nerve fibers. This causes inflammation in the myelin resulting in signal disruption carried from the brain to the body. This nervous system disorder affects every individual differently making the symptoms worse in some and mild in others. There is no absolute cure for MS but the disease and the symptoms can be managed.

Multiple sclerosis can be managed by the top neurologists in Pakistan.

Types of Multiple Sclerosis

The different types of multiple sclerosis (MS) include;

  • Relapsing-Remitting MS - During the course of this type of MS, the neurological symptoms of the disease gets worse (relapse) followed by recovery (remission)

  • Primary progressive MS -  This type of multiple sclerosis has a gradual onset. People with primary progressive Ms never experience the exacerbated symptoms

  • Secondary progressive MS - During this type of multiple sclerosis, the patient experiences the worst of the symptoms without any remission. The symptoms might get better at times but the overall situation gets worsened over time.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

  • The actual cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown and it is considered an auto-immune disease

  • The combination of genetic and environmental factors may play a part in triggering the disease

Symptoms of MS

The myelin sheath in the brain and spinal cord get affected by the immune system and the resulting symptoms vary from person to person depending on the location of the disrupted nerves.

Some of the common symptoms of multiple sclerosis include;

  • Fatigue

  • Walking difficulties

  • Numbness or tingling sensations in the body

  • Vision disturbances like loss of vision

  • Muscle spasms

  • Slurred speech

  • Sensations of electric shock

  • Dizziness

  • Emotional disturbances

  • Bladder issues

  • Digestive discomfort

Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis has no specific diagnostic tests. The doctor might order tests to rule out other diseases having similar symptoms to MS.

The doctor for Multiple sclerosis in Pakistan might order tests like;

  • Blood test

  • MRI

  • Lumbar puncture

  • Evoked potential tests to evaluate the electrical signals of the nervous system.

Treatment of MS

There is no cure for multiple sclerosis but the treatment aims at managing the attacks and symptoms. The treatment for multiple sclerosis involves;

  • Corticosteroids - Oral or IV (intravenous) corticosteroids may be prescribed but the doctor.

  • Plasmapheresis or plasma exchange therapy may be employed in those patients who do not respond to the steroids.

  • Physical therapy to strengthen and stretch the muscles.

  • Muscle relaxants to reduce muscle stiffness.

Risk factors of MS

Multiple sclerosis can affect anyone but the risks of developing the disease depend on certain conditions that include;

  • Age - The onset of MS usually occurs between 20-40 years of age but it affects individuals in all ages

  • Sex - Women are more likely to develop the disease

  • Family history - Genetic factors might increase the chance of getting multiple sclerosis

  • Smoking - The disease may cause primary symptoms in smokers at a higher rate than the nonsmokers

  • Autoimmune diseases - The presence of autoimmune diseases in people may increase the chances of developing multiple sclerosis

  • Certain infections - Some viruses are often linked to the development of MS

Complications of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis if left untreated results in certain complications that include;

  • Muscle stiffness

  • Leg paralysis

  • Sexual problems

  • Memory issues

  • Epilepsy

  • Depression

Marham - find a doctor provides a platform for online or in-person consultation with the best male and female neurologists for the treatment of Multiple sclerosis in Pakistan.