Multiple Sclerosis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Doctors For Multiple Sclerosis

Profile Photo of Neurologist in Quetta - Prof. Dr. Muhammad Saleem Barech

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Saleem Barech

Neurologist

MBBS, FCPS, DCN

Experience

27 Yrs

Satisfaction

98%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 5,000

Akram Hospital, Quetta City, Quetta

Available Today

Rs. 1,700

Profile Photo of Neurologist in Karachi - Prof. Dr. Arif Herekar

Prof. Dr. Arif Herekar

Neurologist

MBBS, MCPS (Medicine), MD Neurology, Masters In Adult Neurology, Masters In Child Neurology, Diploma In Tropical Medicine

Experience

39 Yrs

Satisfaction

95%

Video Consultation

Available today

Rs. 3,500

Hilal-E-Ahmar House Hospital, Clifton, Karachi

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 2,500

Profile Photo of Neurologist in Sahiwal - Asst. Prof. Dr. Waqas Arshad

Asst. Prof. Dr. Waqas Arshad

Neurologist

MBBS, FCPS

Experience

9 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 1,500

Life line Medical Complex, Jail Road, Sahiwal

Available from Feb 25

Rs. 2,000 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Al-Khidmat Hospital Sahiwal, Jamia Farida Road, Sahiwal

Available from Feb 24

Rs. 2,000 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Chughtai Medical Center Jail Road, Gulberg 5, Lahore

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 3,000 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Profile Photo of Neurologist in Rawalpindi - Dr. Husnain Hashim

Dr. Husnain Hashim

Neurologist

MBBS, MCPS, FCPS (Neurology), FEBN (Neurology), MSc (Stroke Medicine)

Experience

23 Yrs

Satisfaction

98%

Fauji Foundation Hospital, Main Jhelum Road, Rawalpindi

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 1,500

Prof Tariq Memorial Neuro Clinic, Sector G, Islamabad

Available Today

Rs. 3,000

Profile Photo of Neurologist in Karachi - Dr. Kanwal

Dr. Kanwal

Neurologist

MBBS , FCPS (Neurologist)

Experience

9 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Video Consultation

Available today

Rs. 1,000

Profile Photo of Neurologist in Islamabad - Asst. Prof. Dr. Ghulam Mujtaba

Asst. Prof. Dr. Ghulam Mujtaba

Neurologist

MBBS, FCPS (Neurology), Member of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (USA), Mini fellowship in Epilepsy, Member of American Academy of Neurology

Experience

10 Yrs

Satisfaction

97%

Video Consultation

Available today

Rs. 3,000

Islamabad Medical And Surgical Hospital, G-6 Markaz Block 4, Islamabad

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 2,000

Maxhealth Hospital, 12-K Markaz Rd, G-8, Islamabad

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 2,000

Summary about Multiple Sclerosis

Marham provides a platform to consult the best multiple sclerosis doctor in Pakistan, Pakistan. You can book an appointment with the doctor for multiple sclerosis in Pakistan from the above list.

What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and the spinal cord disrupting the brain signals and thus the message they carry to the body. The disease occurs when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath which is a protective sheath around the nerve fibers. This causes inflammation in the myelin resulting in signal disruption carried from the brain to the body. This nervous system disorder affects every individual differently making the symptoms worse in some and mild in others. There is no absolute cure for MS but the disease and the symptoms can be managed.

Multiple sclerosis can be managed by the top neurologists in Pakistan.

Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis has no specific diagnostic tests. The doctor might order tests to rule out other diseases having similar symptoms to MS.

The doctor for Multiple sclerosis in Pakistan might order tests like;

  • Blood test

  • MRI

  • Lumbar puncture

  • Evoked potential tests to evaluate the electrical signals of the nervous system.

Treatment of MS

There is no cure for multiple sclerosis but the treatment aims at managing the attacks and symptoms. The treatment for multiple sclerosis involves;

  • Corticosteroids - Oral or IV (intravenous) corticosteroids may be prescribed but the doctor.

  • Plasmapheresis or plasma exchange therapy may be employed in those patients who do not respond to the steroids.

  • Physical therapy to strengthen and stretch the muscles.

  • Muscle relaxants to reduce muscle stiffness.

Complications of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis if left untreated results in certain complications that include;

  • Muscle stiffness

  • Leg paralysis

  • Sexual problems

  • Memory issues

  • Epilepsy

  • Depression

Marham provides a platform for online or in-person consultation with the best neurologists for the treatment of Multiple sclerosis in Pakistan.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

The myelin sheath in the brain and spinal cord get affected by the immune system and the resulting symptoms vary from person to person depending on the location of the disrupted nerves. Some of the common symptoms of multiple sclerosis include;

  • Fatigue

  • Walking difficulties

  • Numbness or tingling sensations in the body

  • Vision disturbances like loss of vision

  • Muscle spasms

  • Slurred speech

  • Sensations of electric shock

  • Dizziness

  • Emotional disturbances

  • Bladder issues

  • Digestive discomfort

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

  • The actual cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown and it is considered an auto-immune disease

  • The combination of genetic and environmental factors may play a part in triggering the disease

Risk Factors of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis can affect anyone but the risks of developing the disease depend on certain conditions that include;

  • Age - The onset of MS usually occurs between 20-40 years of age but it affects individuals of all ages.

  • Sex - Women are more likely to develop the disease.

  • Family history - Genetic factors might increase the chance of getting multiple sclerosis.

  • Smoking - The disease may cause primary symptoms in smokers at a higher rate than nonsmokers.

  • Autoimmune diseases - The presence of autoimmune diseases in people may increase the chances of developing multiple sclerosis.

  • Certain infections - Some viruses are often linked to the development of MS.

Types of Multiple Sclerosis

The different types of multiple sclerosis (MS) include;

  • Relapsing-Remitting MS - During the course of this type of MS, the neurological symptoms of the disease gets worse (relapse) followed by recovery (remission)

  • Primary progressive MS -  This type of multiple sclerosis has a gradual onset. People with primary progressive Ms never experience the exacerbated symptoms

  • Secondary progressive MS - During this type of multiple sclerosis, the patient experiences the worst of the symptoms without any remission. The symptoms might get better at times but the overall situation gets worsened over time.