Parkinson - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Parkinson in Urdu

پارکنسنز ڈیزیز اعصابی خلل کی ایک ایسی بیماری ہے جس میں مبتلا افراد کے ہاتھ کانپتے ہیں اور اس وجہ سے وہ روزمرہ کے کام سرانجام دینے میں ناکام ہو جاتے ہیں۔ اس بیماری کی وجہ دماغ کے حرکت کنٹرول کرنے والے خلیے کی موت ہے جس کی وجہ سے دماغ میں ڈوپامین کی مقدار گھٹ جاتی ہے۔  تاحال اس بیماری کا کوئی علاج دریافت نہیں ہو سکا اور نہ ہی اس سے بچائو کی کوئی تدبیر کار آمد ثابت ہوئی ہے۔

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Summary about Parkinson in English

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease which affects the movement of the body. it develops gradually over time. The first symptom of this disease can be a slight tremor in one hand which may progress to frequent uncontrollable tremors. It also affects speech. It can lead to softening of tone and slurred speech. Tremors are although a common symptom but stiffness and slowed down body movements are also noticed. As the disease progresses with time symptom intensify. There is no definite cure devised for this disorder yet but there are medications that can help to reduce symptoms. Sometimes surgery is also considered to regulate some regions of the brain and improve symptoms.

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Symptoms of Parkinson

This disease shows its sign and symptoms gradually and often these go unchecked. Most people experience the symptoms of Parkinson's disease on one side of the body at first. After a certain period both, the sides may get affected. Symptoms of Parkinson's disease are as follows:

  • Tremors
  • Slowed down movements
  • Stiffness of muscles
  • Balance disorders
  • Poor posture maintenance
  • Impaired ability of automatic movements like blinking 
  • Changes in speed and tone of voice
  • Changes in handwriting


Causes of Parkinson

Parkinson's disease is caused by decreased levels of dopamine levels in the brain. Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in the brain that regulates several brain functions. Abnormal breakdown of brain cells causes a decrease in the levels of this chemical. This leads to unusual brain activities and symptoms of Parkinson's disease start surfacing. Although the actual cause of this ailment is still undercover some factors that may influence its occurrence include certain genetic mutations and environmental exposure to certain toxins. It is also believed that changes in the brain such as the presence of Lewy bodies hold an important clue to the occurrence of this disease.

Risk Factors of Parkinson

The risk factors for Parkinson's disease are:

Age

Young adults rarely suffer from Parkinson's disease. It usually starts in the middle or end of life and the risk increases with age. People usually develop the disease at the age of 60 or above.

Family History

A close relative with Parkinson's disease increases the likelihood that you will develop the disease. However, your risks remain low unless you have many members of your family with Parkinson's disease.

Gender

The male population is more prone to Parkinson disease than females.

Exposure to toxins

Continuous exposure to herbicides and pesticides may slightly increase the risk of Parkinson's disease.

Preventive Measures of Parkinson

Since the cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown, even proven methods of disease prevention remain a mystery. Some research results show that regular aerobic exercise can reduce the risk of Parkinson's. Some other studies have shown that people who take caffeine, present in coffee, tea, and cola, are less likely to get Parkinson's than those who do not. However, it is still unclear if caffeine actually protects against Parkinson's disease or if it is related in some other way. Currently, there is not enough evidence to suggest the consumption of caffeinated beverages for the protection of Parkinson's disease. Green tea is also associated with a reduced risk of developing Parkinson's disease.