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Paralysis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Paralysis in Urdu

فالج جسم کے پٹھوں کی ناکاری کا نام ہے۔ یہ ایسی صورتحال ہے جس میں متاثرہ شخص جسم کے کسی حصے یا پورے جسم کو حرکت دینے کے قابل نہیں رہتا۔ فالج وقتی نوعیت کا بھی ہو سکتا ہے اور دائمی بھی۔ اس مرض کی وجہ دماغ اور پٹھوں میں قائم رابطے میں خلل ہے۔ اس کے علاج میں ادویات کے ساتھ ساتھ ورزش اور ری ھیبیلیٹیشن تھراپی کا اہم کردار ہے۔ ان کی مدد سے مریض کو حرکت کرنے اور معمول کی زندگی کی طرف واپس لانے میں مدد مل سکتی ہے۔ 

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Summary about Paralysis in English

Book an appointment with the best doctor for treating paralysis in Pakistan through Marham. We have enlisted the best doctors for paralysis based on their qualifications, experience, location, and fees.

What is Paralysis?

Paralysis is a condition that affects the ability of a person to move and feel sensations in certain parts of the body. Paralysis can be partial or complete, temporary or permanent, and can affect any area of the body. Treatment for paralysis focuses on minimizing the effects of the condition and helping the affected person live a productive and independent life.

What are the Symptoms of Paralysis?

Paralysis can occur at any point in your life. Following are some of the most common signs and symptoms associated with paralysis.

  • Inability to move a part of your body 

  • Loss of feeling or control

  • Pain in muscles 

  • Muscle cramping

  • Feeling of weakness

  • The sensation of tingles or numbness 

It is important for individuals with paralysis to be monitored by a neurologist and to receive ongoing support to help manage the impacts of their condition.

What are the types of Paralysis?

There are several types of paralysis that can be classified based on the body part or area affected. These include:

  • Monoplegia: It affects one limb.

  • Hemiplegia: It affects one side of the body. 

  • Paraplegia: It affects the lower half of the body.

  • Quadriplegia: It affects all four limbs. 

In addition to these, there are also forms of paralysis that are caused by diseases such as polio, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis. 

No matter the cause, paralysis can have a major impact on a person’s life and can cause physical, emotional, and social distress.

What are the Causes of Paralysis?

The primary causes of paralysis are:

  • Stroke

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Spinal cord injury

  • Brain injury

  • Polio

  • Cerebral palsy 

Other potential causes may include:

  • Infections

  • Tumors

  • Chronic diseases

  • Traumatic injuries

  • Degenerative diseases

In some cases, the cause of paralysis cannot be identified. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you experience any symptoms of paralysis. Early diagnosis and treatment may help prevent or minimize long-term effects.

What is the Diagnosis and Treatment of Paralysis?

Diagnosis and treatment of paralysis require an experienced doctor to evaluate the cause of the condition and create an individualized treatment plan. In most cases, the doctor will begin with a physical evaluation to identify factors that may have contributed to the paralysis. 

Further testing may include imaging studies, such as MRI or CT scans, to gain more information about the affected area. 

Treatment plans may include:

  • Physical and occupational therapy

  • Medication

  • In some cases, surgery may be needed to restore nerve or muscle function

It is important to remember that each patient is different, and the treatment plan must be tailored to individual needs.

Is living with Paralysis possible?

Living with paralysis can be challenging, but it is possible. Paralysis is a condition caused by damage to the nervous system, which can result in a complete or partial loss of movement and feeling. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution to managing paralysis, there are many ways to cope and lead a fulfilling life.

Physical therapy, assistive technology, and lifestyle modifications can all play a role in helping people with paralysis to remain independent, active, and connected to the community.

It is also important to seek emotional and psychological support, as well as to develop healthy coping skills to help manage any stress, anxiety, or depression that may arise. 

What are the Complications of Paralysis?

It is important to be aware of the potential complications of paralysis, as they can range from mild to severe and can have a serious impact on the individual's quality of life. The most common complications of paralysis include:

  • Skin breakdown

  • Pressure ulcers

  • Spasticity

  • Chronic pain

  • Bladder and bowel management issues

  • Respiratory problems

  • Joint contractures

Individuals with paralysis may experience a decrease in mobility, range of motion, and strength, and may be at an increased risk for depression, anxiety, and other psychological issues. 

How can Paralysis be prevented?

There are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of becoming paralyzed. These include:

  • Regular exercise and stretching to maintain muscle strength and mobility

  • Avoiding activities that could lead to falls or accidents

  • Receiving vaccination against certain illnesses that can cause paralysis

Other preventive measures include:

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle

  • Getting regular medical checkups

  • Avoiding contact sports and other activities that could lead to a traumatic injury 

Consult the best doctor for paralysis treatment in Pakistan now to avoid any complications. You can also book a video consultation through Marham to discuss your symptoms with the most experienced paralysis doctor in Pakistan.

Symptoms of Paralysis

The symptoms indicating paralysis include;

  • Inability to move any body part

  • Numbness 

  • Pain with tingling sensations

  • Loss of functioning in the affected part

  • Loss of muscle control

Causes of Paralysis

Some of the paralysis is present since birth while others develop due to certain medical conditions. Some of the major causes of paralysis include;

  • Stroke - Lack of blood supply and resultantly oxygen to the brain

  • Multiple sclerosis - Pattern of face, legs, and arms paralysis which comes and goes

  • Bell’s palsy - Sudden weakness on one side of the face along with pain

  • Sleep paralysis -  Temporary paralysis that occurs when waking up or falling asleep

  • Traumatic brain injury

  • Brain tumor

  • Head or neck cancer

  • Hereditary (spastic paralysis)

Risk Factors of Paralysis

Risk factors for paralysis entail the possible risks that can lead to paralysis. Presence of risk factors increases the probability of disease. However, the presence of one or two factors does not make it certain that one will be affected by paralysis. Risk factors for paralysis are:

  • Aging
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Drug abuse
  • HIV
  • Contraceptives
  • Pregnancy
  • Childbirth
  • Menopause
  • Radiations 
  • Chemicals

Preventive Measures of Paralysis

Some of the causes of paralysis are preventable the the majority include paralysis caused by spinal injuries. To prevent the disease;

  • Drive safely 

  • Wear a seatbelt while driving

  • Avoid moving someone who has a head, neck, or spinal injury. Instead, call the emergency help

Types of Paralysis

Depending upon the extent and location of paralysis, it is classified as;

Partial Paralysis: During partial or incomplete paralysis, you have some control over the affected muscle and some tingling sensations may be felt. It is known as muscle paresis

Complete Paralysis: The completely paralyzed muscle is not felt at all and you have no control over such muscle

Localized: This paralysis occurs in some specific part of the body for eg face, legs, and arm

Generalized: This type of paralysis affects a relatively larger part of the body and depends on the areas of the brain and spinal cord being affected. It can be classified as,

Monoplegia: It affects one limb of the body 

Diplegia: It affects both sides of the body such as both left and right limbs, both sides of the face

Hemiplegia: Due to damage on one side of the brain, hemiplegia affects one side of the body (same side of leg and arm)

Tetraplegia: This is also known as quadriplegia and as the name indicates, all four limbs are paralyzed along with certain organs

Paraplegia: When the parts below your waist are paralyzed (both legs) it is known as paraplegia