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Dermatomyositis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Dermatomyositis in Urdu

اگرچہ اس بیماری کی نوعیت اور علامات خاصی پریشان کن ہیں لیکن  یہ بیماری بہت کم لوگوں کو متاثر کرتی ہے۔ اس مرض کی نمایاں علامات میں پٹھوں کی کمزوری اور جلد کی خراش شامل ہیں۔ اس کو جلد کی بیماری گردانا جاتا ہے اس لیے اس کے علاج میں ایک ماہر امراض جلد سے مشورہ ضروری امر ہے۔ اس بیماری کا خطرہ بچوں اور بڑوں کے لیے یکساں ہے۔ بچوں میں یہ بیماری پانچ سے پندرہ سال کی عمر میں ظاہر ہو سکتی ہے جب کہ بڑوں میں اس کی متوقع عمر چالیس سے ساٹھ سال ہے ۔ حقیقت یہ ہے کہ ابھی تک اس بیماری کا کوئی شافی علاج دریافت نہیں ہو سکا لیکن باقاعدہ علاج سے جلد کی خراش پر قابو پانا ممکن ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ کچھ ایسے اقدامات بھی ممکن ہیں جن سے کسی حد تک پٹھوں کی کمزوری کا سدباب بھی ممکن ہے۔ 

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Summary about Dermatomyositis in English

This disease is a fairly uncommon disease that has some very problematic signs and symptoms. It is characterized by weakness in muscles and a very distinct rash on the skin.

Dermatomyositis is classified as a skin disease. Both children and adults could contract this disease. For adults, the late 40s to the initial years in the 60s is when dermatomyositis normally appears. For children, the age bracket 5 to 15 years is the most susceptible to dermatomyositis.

While doctors have not yet found any cure for dermatomyositis, the symptoms could improve when treatment is given properly. The skin rash could also be treated. Furthermore, the treatment could also restore the muscle strength and functionality to a degree.


Symptoms of Dermatomyositis

The two main symptoms are the skin changing and the muscles growing weaker and weaker.

The skin rash that appears in dermatomyositis is easily spotted as the physical features are very prominent. It is a distinct purplish, reddish color and is patchy. The usual places where this rash manifests are the eyelids or any area that is above the muscles one uses to straighten their joints. These include:

  • Knees
  • Knuckles
  • Elbows
  • Toes

The first sign of dermatomyositis is in fact the rash. However, other reddish rashes might also appear. These typically show up on these areas:

  • Face
  • Upper chest
  • Shoulders
  • Neck
  • Back

These rashes might make the skin look sunburned and feel scaly, uneven and very dry. Other than the rashes, some other conditions and symptoms also might occur, including:

  • A noticeable drop in weight
  • Low fever
  • Inflammation in lungs
  • Increased sensitivity to light


Causes of Dermatomyositis

While doctors have not yet identified the central causal element, they have come up with many theories regarding its development. As per the American College of Rheumatology, it is classified as a disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the cells of its own body. Another explanation developed by scientists, states that the cause behind dermatomyositis is a virus acting on the skeletal muscles.

Furthermore, genetics as an important causal factor behind this condition as this disease seems to run in families.

Risk Factors of Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis can affect anyone. Even so, the age groups most susceptible to this condition are the children who are about 5 to 15 years old and adults who are about 40 to 60 years old. The disease is also more common in men than in women.

Experts have also linked dermatomyositis to genetics and have stated that individuals who have a family member suffering from it are much more likely to develop this condition.


Preventive Measures of Dermatomyositis

As the cause is still not known, the prevention is very difficult to conceive. Nevertheless, one could look to the theories which try to explain the causes.

One cause suggested is a virus. So, in order to prevent dermatomyositis caused by virus, one could do well to avoid exposure to viruses by avoiding unclean areas and avoiding being cut by potentially infected things. If the individual feels has family members that have dermatomyositis, he/she should be vigilant for signs of rashes and consult the doctor regularly.


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