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Erysipelas - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Erysipelas in Urdu

یہ بیکٹیریا کی وجہ سے جلد کی اوپری پرت کا ایک انفیکشن ہے جس میں جلد پر بڑے بڑے سرخ دھبے بن جاتے ہیں۔ اس کے ساتھ ساتھ بخار، سردی لگنا اور جلد پر چھالے بننے کی علامات بھی سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔

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Summary about Erysipelas in English

Erysipelas is a particular skin infection caused by Group A Streptococcus bacterium. If left untreated it then develops into superficial cutaneous lymphatics. What happens is that a tender, very reddish and numb and well-defined plaque on the skin forms when this bacterium affects the skin. The sign which sets this apart from other skin infections, like cellulitis, is its well-defined border.

Doctors assumed in the past that the only affected region is the face. However, according to National Organization for Rare Disorders, 4 out of every 5 suffering from erysipelas have the symptoms on their legs. There is also a chance for it to appear on the arms and the trunk region.

If treated properly with prescribed antibiotics, it is possible for one to improve lessen erysipelas symptoms.

Symptoms of Erysipelas

Before any visible signs of Erysipelas appear on your skin, you may feel unwell. C hills, Fever, shivering, and a high temperature is all possible symptoms.

The skin is usually affected in a particular area and can manifest itself in one of the following ways:

  • swollen and shiny
  • Affected areas have sharp edges compared to unaffected areas
  • warm and tender to touch
  • redness
  • blisters in severe cases
  • can turn black or purple in severe cases
  • The affected area shows red streaks

 

Causes of Erysipelas

Following are the causes of Erysipelas:

  • Bacteria enter the skin through sores or cuts.
  • Pre-existing skin conditions like impetigo, eczema, fungal infections such as athlete’s foot 
  • Anyone can get this skin disease, but it commonly affects infants and adults above 60.
  • Some medications may weaken your immune system and cause erysipelas.

Other factors can also increase a person's risk of developing erysipelas. These include:

  • Veins and lymphatic vessels aren't functioning properly
  • circulation problems
  • alcoholism
  • obesity
  • poorly controlled diabetes
  • weakened immune system

Treatment

Erysipelas is treated with antibiotics. But those allergic to penicillin should inform their doctor before beginning treatment.

Other options for reducing pain and discomfort and speeding up the healing process include:

  • elevating the infected area while still allowing movement to prevent clotting
  • cooling packs placed on your skin
  • lotions to protect your skin from drying and cracking
  • anti-inflammatory painkillers like ibuprofen
  • compression stockings once the infection has subsided
  • Treatment for any skin breaks, usually with a prescribed cream that is applied directly to the s

Risk Factors of Erysipelas

There are certain conditions which could easily increase an individual’s susceptibility to erysipelas. It is not necessary that they affect the skin directly. For example, dysfunctional veins and lymphatic vessels and being overly obese could heighten the risk of getting erysipelas. Drinking too much alcohol, and/or having a weakened immune system are also known risk factors. Not properly controlling diabetes and having circulatory problems can also increase the vulnerability.

Preventive Measures of Erysipelas

Erysipelas can be prevented by:

  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Controlling your blood sugar level
  • Maintaining your body weight
  • Take care of your hygiene, especially when you have cuts or sores

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