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Erysipelas - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Erysipelas in Urdu

یہ بیکٹیریا کی وجہ سے جلد کی اوپری پرت کا ایک انفیکشن ہے جس میں جلد پر بڑے بڑے سرخ دھبے بن جاتے ہیں۔ اس کے ساتھ ساتھ بخار، سردی لگنا اور جلد پر چھالے بننے کی علامات بھی سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔

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Summary about Erysipelas in English

Erysipelas is a particular skin infection caused by Group A Streptococcus bacterium. If left untreated it then develops into superficial cutaneous lymphatics. What happens is that a tender, very reddish and numb and well-defined plaque on the skin forms when this bacterium affects the skin. The sign which sets this apart from other skin infections, like cellulitis, is its well-defined border.

Doctors assumed in the past that the only affected region is the face. However, according to National Organization for Rare Disorders, 4 out of every 5 suffering from erysipelas have the symptoms on their legs. There is also a chance for it to appear on the arms and the trunk region.

If treated properly with prescribed antibiotics, it is possible for one to improve lessen erysipelas symptoms.

Symptoms of Erysipelas

Typically, right after infection, the individual would feel ill before the erysipelas symptoms manifest. This illness appears through fevers, high temperature, shivers and chills.

After the initial illness, the main symptoms appear in a specific area. These symptoms include:

  • Puffy and shiny skin
  • Redness in that area
  • Warm and tender skin
  • Appearance of blisters
  • Well-defined boundaries separating the affected and unaffected skin portions.
  • Reddish streaks around the affected skin
  • In severe cases, the affected skin could turn purple or black


Causes of Erysipelas

The Group A Streptococcus bacteria are responsible for erysipelas once they enter the skin. Usually these bacteria already live on the skin but are not harmful then. However, once they enter the inner environment via cuts or broken skin, they lead to an infection. The ailments in which the skin is broken, like athlete’s foot and eczema disease, could also open the path to erysipelas. There is also a possibility for the erysipelas to manifest if the bacteria spread to the passages in the nose after an infection has occurred there. Another such pre-existing skin condition is impetigo disease which is also a way through which the bacteria could enter.

However, cuts and nasal passages are not the only way the bacteria could enter the skin. They could also enter through insect or animal bites, wounds during a surgical process or even ulcers and bed sores

Risk Factors of Erysipelas

There are certain conditions which could easily increase an individual’s susceptibility to erysipelas. It is not necessary that they affect the skin directly. For example, dysfunctional veins and lymphatic vessels and being overly obese could heighten the risk of getting erysipelas. Drinking too much alcohol, and/or having a weakened immune system are also known risk factors. Not properly controlling diabetes and having circulatory problems can also increase the vulnerability.

Preventive Measures of Erysipelas

Although erysipelas can’t always be prevented, you can take the following steps to lower your risk: While it is not always possible to avoid erysipelas in every case, one could lower their risk by taking a few precautions. Wound sanitization is utterly important and so is proper treatment of athlete’s foot if one has it. People should also moisturize their skin order to not let it dry and crack. Scratching is also a bad habit and one should avoid too much scratching. One should also treat the other skin problems like eczema properly. Regular visits to the doctor are also recommended.