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Necrotizing Fasciitis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Necrotizing Fasciitis in Urdu

یہ بیماری انفیکشن اور اس کے اطراف میں ٹشو کی موت کا سبب بنتی ہے۔ یہ تیزی سے پھیلنے والی ایک مہلک بیماری ہے جو کہ متاثرہ افراد کی موت کا باعث بن سکتی ہے۔ بچوں میں اس بیماری کے مواقع بہت کم ہوتے ہیں۔

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Summary about Necrotizing Fasciitis in English

Necrotizing fasciitis is a soft tissue infection. It can destroy tissue in your skin and muscles, as well as subcutaneous tissue beneath your skin.

The infection with group A Streptococcus, also known as "flesh-eating bacteria," is the most common cause of necrotizing fasciitis. When other bacteria cause the infection, it usually doesn't progress as quickly and isn't as dangerous.

Symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis

Following are the symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis:

  • Your skin becomes warm and red, and you might feel as if you have pulled a muscle. You might even feel as you have the flu.
  • You may develop a red bump which is small and painful. But the red bump does not remain small. The pain will intensify, and the affected area will expand rapidly.
  • In the early stages of infection, the pain will be worse than it appears. There might be oozing from the infected area, or discoloration might result as it decays. There may be blisters, black dots, bumps, or other skin lesions.

Other symptoms include:

  • fatigue
  • vomiting
  • fever with chills and sweating
  • weakness
  • nausea
  • infrequent urination
  • dizziness

Causes of Necrotizing Fasciitis

Necrotizing fasciitis is most common when the skin is broken. Bacteria can enter your body through a scrape, cut, or surgical wound, for example. For the bacteria to take hold, the scars don't have to be large. Even a single needle puncture may be sufficient.

A variety of bacteria causes necrotizing fasciitis. Group A Streptococcus is the common and well-known type. This is not the only bacteria causing an infection, though. The following bacteria can also cause necrotizing fasciitis:

  • Aeromonas hydrophila
  • Klebsiella
  • E. coli
  • Clostridium
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Treatment

  • Antibiotics are used to start the treatment. These are injected into your veins directly. Because of the tissue decay, antibiotics may not be able to reach all of the infected areas. As a result, doctors must remove any dead tissue as soon as possible.
  • Amputation of one or more limbs is needed in some cases to help stop the infection from spreading.

Preventive Measures of Necrotizing Fasciitis

There is no proper way to avoid necrotizing fasciitis. But you can prevent it through:

  • Basic hygiene practices
  • If you already have a wound, treat it as soon as possible. Replace your bandages regularly or as soon as they become wet or dirty. Avoid putting yourself in situations where your wound might become infected.
  • If you suspect you have necrotizing fasciitis, see your doctor or go to the emergency room right away. To avoid complications, it is essential to treat the infection as soon as possible.

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