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Rosacea - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Rosacea in Urdu

یہ ایک ایسی بیماری کا نام ہے جو کہ چہرے پر سرخی اور خون کی رگوں کو عیاں کر دیتی ہے۔ اس بیماری میں ان علامات کے علاوہ چہرے اور سینے پر پس سے بھرے دانے بھی بننے کی شکایت ہو سکتی ہے۔  اکثر اس بیماری کو ایکنی یا اس سے متعلقہ شکایات سے منسلک کیا جاتا ہے لیکن  یہ ایک مختلف بیماری ہے۔ یہ بیماری اگرچہ کسی بھی شخص کو متاثر کر سکتی ہے لیکن درمیانی عمر کے افراد اور گوری رنگت والی خواتین میں اس کی شکایات زیادہ عام ہیں۔ تاھال اس بیماری کا کوئی حتمی علاج تجویز نہیں کیا جا سکا ہے لیکن ادویات اور علاج سے اس کی علامات میں کمی لائی جا سکتی ہے۔ اس بیماری کی علامات کی صورت میں فوری طور پر معالج سے رابطہ کیا جانا چاہیئے تا کہ درست تشخیص کی جا سکے۔

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Summary about Rosacea in English

Rosacea is a commonly occurring skin disease in which blood vessels become visible on the face along with redness. Small bumps filled with pus can also appear. The aforementioned appearances could show up for an extended period and then die down. It is a common habit to mistake rosacea for acne and other problems related to the skin.

While this condition could show up in any individual, middle-aged and fair-skinned females are those who are the most vulnerable to it. Even though rosacea is currently not curable, the proposed treatments could significantly manage and minimize the symptoms and signs. If an individual sees any redness on the face that appears to be persistent, they should immediately consult the doctor. This way the doctors could diagnose them properly and treat them in time.


Symptoms of Rosacea

The symptoms that one should look out for include:

  • Redness on the face. Rosacea is characterized by a redness that does not fade away, right in the face’s central area. Swelling also happens in the blood vessels on the cheeks and nose, causing them to become more visible.
  • Swollen red bumps.  Frequently enough, people could also have pimples which look like acne. In some cases, they could contain pus and the skin might feel warm and sensitive.
  • Eye problems. Around 50% of those who suffer from rosacea report eye problems. These include dry, easily irritated eyes and swollen and reddish eyelids. These eye-related symptoms could also come up before the main skin-related ones in some cases.
  • Enlarged nose.  The nose could also appear large as in rare cases rosacea could increase the skin’s thickness around the nose area. Males usually have this condition.

Causes of Rosacea

Experts have not yet identified what causes rosacea, however, they have figured out a combination of genetic and environmental factors that might cause it. One thing to remember is that poor hygiene does not cause rosacea.

Instead, factors that increase the blood volume going to the skin’s surface can potentially trigger this condition, or at least make the symptoms worse. Drinking hot liquids or drinks and eating hot and spicy foods along with consuming alcohol are some identifiable factors. Exposure to too much sunlight or to hot wind is also considered among the primary affecters. Certain cosmetic products along with certain medications (especially those drugs that widen the blood vessels) are also associated.

Risk Factors of Rosacea

Anyone can develop rosacea. But you may be more likely to develop it if you: Anyone could potentially show symptoms of rosacea. However, certain risk factors do increase one’s risks. Female gender is more at risk for developing this condition. Having a fairer skin and belonging from an age group that is over 30 are also risk factors. The person who smokes and has a family member(s) who suffer from this condition is also more vulnerable to rosacea.

Preventive Measures of Rosacea

Rosacea remains an incurable, and yet medically harmless, condition. However, one could significantly lower the likelihood that the condition might appear. The preventive measures recommended all are targeted against the triggering factors. These triggering factors are already mentioned in the risk factors’ and causes’ section.

The primary factor which contributes to the rosacea outbreak is sunlight. Thus, it is advisable for individuals to cover up properly when going out in the sun. If that is not possible, they should at least wear sunscreen.

Furthermore, it is of utmost importance that those who are more susceptible to rosacea reduce their levels of stress. They can achieve this through techniques such as breathing deeply or performing yoga.

Lastly, people should take better care of their diet. They should avoid foods that are too spicy and/or drinks that are too hot. Caffeinated and alcoholic drinks are also included in the item list that should be avoided.