Sunstroke - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Sunstroke in Urdu

سن سٹروک گرمی کی وجہ سے پیدا ہونے والی ایک پریشان کن صورتحال ہے۔ اس سے نمٹنے کے لیے فوری طبی امداد اور جسم کا درجہ حرارت کم کرنے کی تداابیر کا اختیار کرنا بہت اہم ہے۔

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Dr. Zafar Ahmed

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Summary about Sunstroke in English

The condition in which body temperature gets elevated above the 40 °C or 104 F and the body loses the ability to cool down is considered as sunstroke or heatstroke. It is a serious condition and can be fatal if left untreated. Symptoms of heatstroke may include

  • High body temperature
  • Dizziness
  • Mental changes
  • Nausea

It needs urgent medical attention and techniques which can lower the body temperature immediately. Drinking plenty of water, cool food intake and water baths are recommended. If not treated on time it can cause serious damage to vital organs like kidney, brain, and heart. In severe cases, it can lead to death as well.

Symptoms of Sunstroke

Symptoms of sunstroke are:

  • High body temperature
  • Confusion 
  • Agitation 
  • Hot and dry skin
  • Redness of skin 
  • Headache
  • Increased rate of breathing 

Causes of Sunstroke

Sunstroke or a heat stroke is caused by exposure to hot weather and is most common in summers. It can also result from intense physical exertion.

Risk Factors of Sunstroke

Factors that are associated with increasing the risk of heatstroke are:
Age: Kids and people over the age of 65 are at an increased risk of sunstroke because of the weak central nervous system. 

Intense Outdoor Activities in Hot Weather:  Exercise and sports like football and long-distance running are among the most dreaded activities for elevating the risk of stroke.

Besides these, sudden exposure to hot climate and lack of cooling facilities like air conditioning also increases the chances of a sunstroke.

Preventive Measures of Sunstroke

To prevent a sunstroke it is important to:

  • Avoid exertion in hot weather
  • Delay sports and outdoor activities in high temperatures
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Eat water enriched diet including fruits and veggies


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