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Asthma - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Asthma in Urdu

دمہ سانس کی بیماری کا نام ہے جو کہ سانس کی نالیوں اور پھیپھڑوں کی خرابیوں کے باعث سامنے آتی ہے۔ دمہ کے مریض سانس لینے میں دشوری، کھانسی، سانس پھولنا، سینے میں درد، نیند میں بےچینی اور تھکن جیسی علامات کا سامنا کرتے ہیں۔ دمہ کی کئی وجوہات ہو سکتی ہیں جن میں الرجی، تمباکونوشی، موسمیاتی تبدیلیاں اور سانس کی نالیوں کا انفیکشن شامل ہیں۔ دمہ کا حتمی علاج نہیں ہے لیکن ایسی ادویات اور علاج موجود ہیں جن کی مدد سے اس بیماری کو روکا جا سکتا ہے اور مریض کی تکلیف میں کمی کی جا سکتی ہے۔ 

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Summary about Asthma in English

Avoid a persistent or a recurrent cough such as persistent cold or sensitization, take your child to the doctor. Sometimes children have the so-called asthma cough, which means they have a dry cough when they are lying down, are active or have a cold climate. Recurrent bronchitis can also indicate asthma. A cough is a symptom of asthma.

Asthma is a condition in which the airways become tense and swollen and additionally produce mucus. This can make breathing difficult and cause coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing. For some people, asthma is a minor annoyance. For others, it can be a big problem that can interfere with daily activities and lead to a life-threatening asthma attack. The symptoms of asthma can be controlled but it is not curable. Because asthma often changes over time, it is important that you work with your doctor to follow your signs and symptoms and to adjust the treatment as needed.

Symptoms of Asthma

The symptoms of asthma are different in every individual. They may rarely have asthma attacks, have symptoms only at certain times, such as during exercise, or have constant symptoms.

The signs and symptoms of asthma are:

  • Dyspnea

  • Tightness in the chest or pain

  • Sleep disorder due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing

  • Whistling or wheezing during exhalation (wheezing is a common sign of childhood asthma)

  • Coughing or wheezing exacerbated by an airway virus, such as cold or flu

Signs that your asthma is getting worse are likely:

  • Increased respiratory distress (measurable with a peak flow meter, a lung function checker)

  • The need to use a fast auxiliary inhaler more often.

In some people, the signs and symptoms of asthma manifest in certain situations:

  • Asthma caused by the movement that can aggravate when the air is cold and dry.

  • Asthma caused by irritating substances such as chemical vapors, gases or dust.

  • Asthma of allergic origin caused by substances transported by air, such as pollen, mold spores, scraping debris or skin particles and dry saliva from pets (pet hair)

Causes of Asthma

The reason why some people have asthma and others are not clear, but this is probably due to a combination of environmental and genetic (hereditary) factors.

Asthma triggers.

Exposure to various irritants and substances that cause allergies (allergens) can cause signs and symptoms of asthma.

  • Substances transported by air, such as pollen, mites, mold spores, animal hair or cockroach particles.

  • Respiratory infections, such as colds

  • Physical activity (physical asthma)

  • Cold air

  • Air pollutants and irritants like smoke.

  • Some drugs, including beta-blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve)

  • Strong emotions and stress

  • Sulfites and preservatives for certain types of foods and beverages, including shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer, and wine.

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which stomach acid returns to the neck.

Risk Factors of Asthma

It is believed that a number of factors increase your chances of getting asthma. These include:

  • Have a family member (for example, a father or brother) with asthma

  • In another allergic disease such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis (hay fever)

  • To be overweight

  • Being a smoker

  • Secondary smoke

  • Exposure to exhaust fumes or other pollutants.

  • Professional triggers, such as chemicals used in agriculture, hairdressing and manufacturing.

Preventive Measures of Asthma

Although there is no way to prevent asthma, you and your doctor can work together to come up with a detailed plan to deal with your illness and prevent asthma attacks.

Follow your asthma action plan.

Write a detailed plan with your doctor and health team for taking medication and controlling an asthma attack. Then make sure you follow your plan. Asthma is a permanent condition that needs regular monitoring and treatment. When you take control of your treatment, you generally feel better in your life.

 Get vaccinated against flu and pneumonia.

Staying informed about vaccines helps prevent flu and pneumonia-causing asthma attacks.

Identify and avoid the triggers of asthma.

A range of allergens and irritants in the open air, from pollen and mold to cold air and air pollution, can trigger asthma attacks. Find out what is causing or worsening your asthma and take steps to avoid those triggers.

Take care of your breathing.

You can learn to recognize the warning signs of an impending seizure, such as a slight cough, wheezing or shortness of breath. However, since your lung function may decrease before you experience any signs or symptoms, periodically measure and record the peak flow with a peak flow meter.

Recognize and treat attacks early.

You do not need so many medications to control your symptoms. If your peak flow measurements are decreasing and alerting you to an impending attack, take your medication as instructed and immediately stop any activity that triggered the attack. If your symptoms do not improve, consult a physician according to the instructions in your action plan.

Take your medications as prescribed.

Just because your asthma seems to improve, do not change anything until you talk to your doctor. It's a good idea to take your medications with you every time you see a doctor so that he or she can check if you are taking your medications correctly and taking the right dose.

Pay attention to the increasing use of the inhaler for quick relief.

Trust your inhaler fast as albuterol will not control your asthma. Consult your doctor to adjust the treatment.

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