It is chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by the shortness of breath due to inflamed and narrowed airways of the lungs. It is also accompanied by the recurring periods of wheezing and coughing.
Its occurrence is still unclear but it may be triggered due to some genetic or environmental factors that may include;
Airborne substances such as; pollens, dust, mites etc.
Air pollutants and irritants such as; smoke
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Signs and Symptoms
Its signs and symptoms may include the following;
Shortness of breath
Chest tightness or pain
A whistling or wheezing sound during exhaling; it is a common sign of asthma in children
Troubled sleeping due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
It cannot be cured but there are several factors that may help in management. These factors include;