Asthma - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Asthma in Urdu

دمہ سانس کی بیماری کا نام ہے جو کہ سانس کی نالیوں اور پھیپھڑوں کی خرابیوں کے باعث سامنے آتی ہے۔ دمہ کے مریض سانس لینے میں دشوری، کھانسی، سانس پھولنا، سینے میں درد، نیند میں بےچینی اور تھکن جیسی علامات کا سامنا کرتے ہیں۔ دمہ کی کئی وجوہات ہو سکتی ہیں جن میں الرجی، تمباکونوشی، موسمیاتی تبدیلیاں اور سانس کی نالیوں کا انفیکشن شامل ہیں۔ دمہ کا حتمی علاج نہیں ہے لیکن ایسی ادویات اور علاج موجود ہیں جن کی مدد سے اس بیماری کو روکا جا سکتا ہے اور مریض کی تکلیف میں کمی کی جا سکتی ہے۔ 

Doctors For Asthma

Profile Photo of General Physician in Lahore - Dr. Muhammad Nouman Anjum

Dr. Muhammad Nouman Anjum

General Physician, Internal Medicine Specialist, Diabetologist, Family Medicine

MBBS, FCPS (Internal Medicine), Certified Diabetologist (UK), Certified Hypertension Specialist (PSIM)


9 Yrs



Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 1,000

Cure Clinic, Garhi Shahu, Lahore

Available from Aug 01

Rs. 1,500 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Profile Photo of Gastroenterologist in Lahore - Asst. Prof. Dr. Mujahid Israr

Asst. Prof. Dr. Mujahid Israr

Gastroenterologist, Liver Specialist, General Physician, Internal Medicine Specialist

MBBS, FCPS (Gastroenterology), FCPS (Internal Medicine), FACG (US), SCE (UK), ESEGH ( European Board Of Gastroenterology & Hepatology)


15 Yrs



Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 3,000

Omar Hospital & Cardiac Centre, Jail Road, Lahore

Available from Apr 23

Rs. 2,500

Ikram Hospital, Marghzar Colony, Gujrat

Available from Apr 23

Rs. 2,000

Profile Photo of Internal Medicine Specialist in Lahore - Asst. Prof. Dr. Fahmina Ashfaq

Asst. Prof. Dr. Fahmina Ashfaq

Internal Medicine Specialist, General Physician, Gastroenterologist, Diabetologist, Family Medicine

MBBS, FCPS (Medicine), MRCP (Medicine)


14 Yrs



Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 1,500

Naseer Hospital, Garden Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 3,000

Omar Medical Center, Johar Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 3,000

Profile Photo of General Physician in Karachi - Dr. Saba Siddiqui

Dr. Saba Siddiqui

General Physician

General Physician, Aesthetic Physician, and MBBS


22 Yrs



Video Consultation

Rs. 1,000

Soha Medical & Dental Center, Gulistan e Johar, Karachi

Rs. 1,400

Profile Photo of General Physician in Quetta - Prof. Dr. Muhammad Nadir Khan

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Nadir Khan

General Physician, Psychiatrist, Internal Medicine Specialist, Rheumatologist, Diabetologist

MB MRCP(UK), FRCP(London), FRCP(Glas), FRCP(Edin), FACP(USA)


31 Yrs



Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 2,500

Saleem Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta City, Quetta

Available Today

Rs. 1,000

Profile Photo of Endocrinologist in Quetta - Assoc. Prof. Dr. Suresh Kumar

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Suresh Kumar

Endocrinologist, General Physician, Internal Medicine Specialist

MBBS, MCPS, FCPS (Medicine), FCPS (Endocrinology)


15 Yrs



Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 2,000

Gillani Hopsital, Satellite Town, Quetta

Available Today

Rs. 1,500

Summary about Asthma in English

Marham provides a platform to consult the best asthma specialist in Pakistan. You can book a physical appointment with the best asthma doctor in Pakistan from the above list. We are trusted by our certified and top asthma specialists (dama ka Doctor, sans ka doctor) who are known for their quality services and treatments based on their medical experience, practice locations, availability hours, patient reviews, and price range.

What is Asthma? 

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes breathing problems and makes some physical activities challenging. It is typically characterized by episodic attacks of breathlessness, cough, and wheezing which is referred to as  (an “asthma triad”). If you have asthma, it can be managed to increase your quality of life.

Symptoms of Asthma

Common symptoms indicating asthma are;

  • Chronic persistent cough and wheezing

  • Chest tightness

  • Excess mucous production

Diagnostic tests and procedures

Since it is often difficult to catch the symptoms in action at the doctor’s office — and asthma is sometimes confused with other conditions — Asthma doctors in {{city)) rely on two primary tools to determine if it’s asthma. 

The first is a person’s medical history and examination, and the second is testing. The most common lung function test is spirometry, and it can be used successfully on older children and adults. 

A spirometry test measures how much air the patient breathes in, and how quickly the patient expels it. If the spirometry results are not normal, this is usually followed by giving the patient an inhalation of asthma medication to see if the spirometry improves. 

Finally, once the best asthma specialist in Pakistan suspects that asthma might be present, the patient may be asked to try one or more appropriate asthma medications for a period of time. If asthma is present, the symptoms should improve upon taking the medication.

 Antibiotics and over-the-counter cough and cold preparations will not make much difference if the symptoms are due to uncomplicated asthma.

Causes of Asthma

Asthma is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the triggers of asthma are;

  • Pollen or dust allergy

  • Air pollutants

  • Respiratory diseases

Some of the most common complications of Asthma

  • Asthma attacks.

  • Sleep problems.

  • Daytime sleepiness.

  • Fatigue.

  • Lack of exercise. 

Many people with asthma also have GERD. Other complications include frequent respiratory infections, flu complications, and pneumonia.

Treatment for Asthma

The treatment for Asthma includes inhalational corticosteroids and bronchodilators. Asthma can not be cured completely but the symptoms can be managed.

What happens if asthma is not treated?

if asthma is not treated or well controlled, it can cause problems such as tiredness, stress, anxiety or depression, lung infections, and delayed growth or puberty in children. Poorly controlled asthma can also lead to severe asthma attacks that can be life-threatening

Consult the best doctor for asthma treatment in Pakistan now to avoid any complications. You can also book a video consultation through Marham to discuss your symptoms with the most experienced asthma specialist in Pakistan.

Symptoms of Asthma

The symptoms of asthma are different in every individual. They may rarely have asthma attacks, have symptoms only at certain times, such as during exercise, or have constant symptoms.

The signs and symptoms of asthma are:

  • Dyspnea

  • Tightness in the chest or pain

  • Sleep disorder due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing

  • Whistling or wheezing during exhalation (wheezing is a common sign of childhood asthma)

  • Coughing or wheezing exacerbated by an airway virus, such as cold or flu

Signs that your asthma is getting worse are likely:

  • Increased respiratory distress (measurable with a peak flow meter, a lung function checker)

  • The need to use a fast auxiliary inhaler more often.

In some people, the signs and symptoms of asthma manifest in certain situations:

  • Asthma caused by the movement that can aggravate when the air is cold and dry.

  • Asthma caused by irritating substances such as chemical vapors, gases or dust.

  • Asthma of allergic origin caused by substances transported by air, such as pollen, mold spores, scraping debris or skin particles and dry saliva from pets (pet hair)

Causes of Asthma

The reason why some people have asthma and others are not clear, but this is probably due to a combination of environmental and genetic (hereditary) factors.

Asthma triggers.

Exposure to various irritants and substances that cause allergies (allergens) can cause signs and symptoms of asthma.

  • Substances transported by air, such as pollen, mites, mold spores, animal hair or cockroach particles.

  • Respiratory infections, such as colds

  • Physical activity (physical asthma)

  • Cold air

  • Air pollutants and irritants like smoke.

  • Some drugs, including beta-blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen (Aleve)

  • Strong emotions and stress

  • Sulfites and preservatives for certain types of foods and beverages, including shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer, and wine.

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which stomach acid returns to the neck.

Risk Factors of Asthma

It is believed that a number of factors increase your chances of getting asthma. These include:

  • Have a family member (for example, a father or brother) with asthma

  • In another allergic disease such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis (hay fever)

  • To be overweight

  • Being a smoker

  • Secondary smoke

  • Exposure to exhaust fumes or other pollutants.

  • Professional triggers, such as chemicals used in agriculture, hairdressing and manufacturing.

Preventive Measures of Asthma

Although there is no way to prevent asthma, you and your doctor can work together to come up with a detailed plan to deal with your illness and prevent asthma attacks.

Follow your asthma action plan.

Write a detailed plan with your doctor and health team for taking medication and controlling an asthma attack. Then make sure you follow your plan. Asthma is a permanent condition that needs regular monitoring and treatment. When you take control of your treatment, you generally feel better in your life.

 Get vaccinated against flu and pneumonia.

Staying informed about vaccines helps prevent flu and pneumonia-causing asthma attacks.

Identify and avoid the triggers of asthma.

A range of allergens and irritants in the open air, from pollen and mold to cold air and air pollution, can trigger asthma attacks. Find out what is causing or worsening your asthma and take steps to avoid those triggers.

Take care of your breathing.

You can learn to recognize the warning signs of an impending seizure, such as a slight cough, wheezing or shortness of breath. However, since your lung function may decrease before you experience any signs or symptoms, periodically measure and record the peak flow with a peak flow meter.

Recognize and treat attacks early.

You do not need so many medications to control your symptoms. If your peak flow measurements are decreasing and alerting you to an impending attack, take your medication as instructed and immediately stop any activity that triggered the attack. If your symptoms do not improve, consult a physician according to the instructions in your action plan.

Take your medications as prescribed.

Just because your asthma seems to improve, do not change anything until you talk to your doctor. It's a good idea to take your medications with you every time you see a doctor so that he or she can check if you are taking your medications correctly and taking the right dose.

Pay attention to the increasing use of the inhaler for quick relief.

Trust your inhaler fast as albuterol will not control your asthma. Consult your doctor to adjust the treatment.

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