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Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome - Symptoms, Cause, and Prevention

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Urdu

ہنٹا وائرس چوہوں میں پایا جانے والا ایک وائرس ہے جو کہ اگر انسانوں میں منتقل ہو جائے تو خطرناک بیماریوں کا باعث بنتا ہے۔ ہنٹا وائرس سے ہونے والی بیماریوں میں ہنٹا وائرس پلمونری سنڈروم اور ہیموریجیک فیور ود رینل سنڈروم شامل ہیں۔ ہنٹا وائرس کی وجہ سے ہونے والی بیماریاں شہروں کی نسبت دیہات میں عام ہیں۔ ہنٹا وائرس چوہوں کے تھوک اور ٖفضلے سے پھیلتے ہیں۔ یہ وائرس چوہوں کے کاٹنے سے بھی انسانی جسم میں منتقل ہو سکتے ہیں۔ ہنٹا وائرس چوہوں کی وجہ سے آلودہ ہونے والی خوراک کے ذریعے بھی پھیل سکتے ہیں۔
ان سے بچنے کے لیے ضروری ہے کہ گھر اور گردونواح میں چوہوں کا خاتمہ کیا جائے۔ اس کے علاوہ کسی بھی بند عمارت کی صفائی یا گھر کے سٹور کی صفائی کے دوران خاص احتیاط برتنا اہم ہے۔ یہ ضروری ہے کہ صفائی کے دوران گرد نہ اڑے تا کہ وائرس ہوا کے ذریعے انسانی جسم میں داخل نہ ہوں۔ کسی بھی جراثیم کش محلول سے گرد اور غلاظت کو گیلا کر کے احتیاط سے ہٹانا وائرس سے بچائو میں مددگار ثابت ہوتا ہے۔    

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Summary about Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in English

Hantavirus is a member of the family Bunyaviridae of the genus hantavirus. There are different strains of this virus present that can cause different diseases. The diseases caused by the hanta virus include Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).

Find the complete list of doctors who deals with Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome issues in Pakistan. You can access the complete details of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome specialists along with the relevant information. You can also book an appointment with a phone call with Marham.

Symptoms of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

A person affected by hantavirus may exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Feeling cold
  • Muscular pains
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Low blood pressure
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Diarrhea
  • Respiratory distress

These symptoms may appear after 2-4 weeks of the following exposure. The fatality rate for this disease is 50%.

Causes of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is caused by hantavirus which can be contracted through dropping, saliva, and excreta of infected rodents. The primary cause of HPS remains to be the presence of rodents in and around the living spaces.

Risk Factors of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

Risk factors for HPS are the rodents infested places. The presence of rodents infected with hantavirus is the sole cause of this problem. his virus can spread through rodents bites, by eating food contaminated by rodents, and also by inhaling droplets of saliva, excreta or urine of infected mice through the air.

Activities that elevate the risk of catching this virus are:

  • House cleaning especially storerooms
  • Cleaning building that was closed for a long time
  • Camping
  • Hiking
  • Construction and pest control activities

Preventive Measures of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

Prevention of HPS relies on eliminating rodents from your home, vacation spots, and offices. Seal holes or any openings from where they can sneak into your living spaces. Use traps to further limit their presence. Do not keep food waste outside as these will attract rodents. If you clean rodent-infested areas take stringent precautionary measures to avoid contact with the virus.
Wet the dust and dropping carefully without stirring up dust. The lesser the chances of the virus to get into the air the lower are the chances of getting hantavirus respiratory syndrome.

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