چکن پاکس ایک وبائی بیماری ہے جو کہ ایک وائرس کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ اردو میں اسے لاکڑا کاکڑا کہا جاتا ہے۔ یہ بیماری بچوں اور بڑوں دونوں کو متاثر کر سکتی ہے۔ اس کی ابتدا جلد پر سرخ دانوں اور بخار کی صورت میں ہوتی ہے۔ ان علامات کی شدت ہر فرد میں مختلف ہو سکتی ہے۔ عام طور پر پانچ سے سات دنوں میں بخار کم ہو جاتا ہے اور دانے خشک ہونے لگتے ہیں۔ چکن پاکس سے متاثرہ فرد میں بھوک کی کمی، گھبراہٹ، تھکن، کمزوری اور گلا خراب ہونے کی علامات ظاہر ہوتی ہیں۔ یہ بیماری ایک سے دوسرے فرد میں کھانسنے، چھینکنے اور کھانے پینے کی اشیا سے منتقل ہو سکتی ہے۔
Marham enlists the best doctors for chickenpox in Pakistan. Book an appointment or online consultation with a doctor for the management of chickenpox disease. Consult the most experienced specialists for chickenpox in Pakistan based on their qualifications, patient reviews, location, and fees.
Chickenpox is a contagious viral disease resulting in itchy fluid-filled blisters and rash. Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is responsible for chickenpox in children and adults. The disease is more complicated in people who are not vaccinated against the virus. Chickenpox occurs after 10-21 days of exposure to the virus. If scratched, the blisters release fluid and further spread the infection across different areas.
Chickenpox is caused by the Varicella zoster virus. The disease spread from;
The chickenpox symptoms include;
Raised itchy fluid-filled blisters that last 5-10 days
Fever and loss of appetite
Chickenpox infection is diagnosed with a physical examination of the itchy rash and bumps. For a detailed examination, blood and blister culture is performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Chickenpox does not require any treatment as the infection subsides within 5-10 days on its own. Antihistamines are prescribed to reduce itching and irritation. If the infection gets complicated, antivirals are prescribed. Chickenpox can leave spots on the skin and thus require dermatological creams to reduce the spots.
Consult the best doctor for chickenpox treatment in Pakistan now to avoid any complications. You can also book a video consultation through Marham to discuss your symptoms with the most experienced chickenpox doctor in Pakistan.
Varicella infection occurs between 10 and 21 days after exposure to the virus and usually lasts for about 5 to 10 days. The rash is an indicator of chickenpox. Other signs and symptoms include:
Fatigue and general discomfort
After the onset of chickenpox rash, the rash goes through three phases;
Increased pink or red bumps (papules) that explode for several days
Small, fluid-filled blisters (vesicles) formed from extruded nodes
Scabs along with crusts that cover broken ampoules and take a few extra days to heal
New blisters occur for several days. As a result, you may have three stages of rash - papules, blisters, and encrusted lesions - simultaneously on the second day of the rash. After infection, the virus can spread up to 48 hours before a rash occurs and remains contagious until all patches appear.
The disease is usually mild in healthy children. In severe cases, the rash may spread to the entire body and the lesions may form in the throat, eyes, and mucous membranes of the urethra, anus, and vagina.
The causative agent for chicken pox is the Varicella Zoster virus. It can spread from the affected person to others rapidly by exposure to fluids from the nose and mouth.
Chickenpox, caused by the varicella-zoster virus, is highly contagious and can spread quickly. The virus is spread through direct contact with a rash or drops released into the air by coughing or sneezing.
The risk of getting chickenpox is greater for:
A person who did not have chickenpox in life
A person was not vaccinated against chickenpox
Someone who works at school or takes care of children
people living with children
Most people who have had chickenpox or who have been vaccinated against chickenpox are immune to chickenpox. If you got the vaccination and still have chickenpox, the symptoms are often lighter, with fewer blisters, and a mild or no fever. Some people can get chickenpox more than once, but it's rare.
A chickenpox vaccine is the best way to prevent the disease. Experts at The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that the vaccine provides complete protection against the virus for nearly 98% of patients receiving the two recommended doses. If the vaccine does not provide complete protection, the severity of the disease is significantly reduced.
A vaccine against varicella (Varivax) is recommended for:
In the United States, children are given two vaccines against varicella. The first vaccine is given at the age of 12 to 15 months and the other at 4 to 6 years - as part of a routine immunization program for children. The vaccine may be associated with measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. The combination may increase the risk of fever and convulsions due to the vaccine. Discuss the pros and cons of combination vaccines with a pediatrician.
Unvaccinated older children
Children between the ages of 7 and 12 who have not been vaccinated should receive two vaccinations against varicella at least 3 months apart. Children over the age of 13 who never got vaccination should receive two doses of booster vaccine at least four weeks apart.
Who have never had chickenpox but are exposed to high exposure risk. This applies to health professionals, teachers, foreign travelers, military personnel, adults living with young children, and all women of childbearing age. Adults who have never had chickenpox or who did not vaccine usually receive two vaccinations every four to eight weeks. If you do not remember that you had chickenpox or a vaccine, a blood test can determine your immunity.
If you have chickenpox, you do not need a chickenpox vaccine. In the case of chickenpox, the person is usually immune to the virus for life. Chickenpox can shrink more than once, but this is not common.
Varicella vaccine is not recommended for;
People with immunodeficiency, such as people with HIV or people who are on immunosuppressants.