Chicken Pox - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Chicken Pox in Urdu

چکن پاکس ایک وبائی بیماری ہے  جو کہ ایک وائرس کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ اردو میں اسے لاکڑا کاکڑا کہا جاتا ہے۔ یہ بیماری بچوں اور بڑوں دونوں کو متاثر کر سکتی ہے۔ اس کی ابتدا جلد پر سرخ دانوں اور بخار کی صورت میں ہوتی ہے۔ ان علامات کی شدت ہر فرد میں مختلف ہو سکتی ہے۔ عام طور پر پانچ سے سات دنوں میں بخار کم ہو جاتا ہے اور دانے خشک ہونے لگتے ہیں۔ چکن پاکس سے متاثرہ فرد میں بھوک کی کمی، گھبراہٹ، تھکن، کمزوری اور گلا خراب ہونے کی علامات ظاہر ہوتی ہیں۔ یہ بیماری ایک سے دوسرے فرد میں  کھانسنے، چھینکنے اور کھانے پینے کی اشیا سے منتقل ہو سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Chicken Pox in English

Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease and is also known as Versilia. Chickenpox is a viral infection that causes itchy rashes and small, fluid-filled blisters. Chickenpox is very contagious to people who have not been through it or are not vaccinated. these blisters start from the chest, back, and face then spreads to the other of the body.  Before the routine chickenpox vaccination, almost all people became infected as adults. Sometimes with serious complications. Currently, the number of cases and hospital stays has declined significantly.

For most people, chickenpox is a mild disease. However, it is better to get the vaccination. A vaccine against varicella is available. It is safe and can effectively help to prevent chickenpox and potential complications.

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Symptoms of Chicken Pox

Varicella infection occurs between 10 and 21 days after exposure to the virus and usually lasts for about 5 to 10 days. The rash is an indicator of chickenpox. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Fever

  • Anorexia

  • A headache

  • Fatigue and general discomfort (feeling unwell)

After the onset of chickenpox rash, rash goes through three phases:

  • Increased pink or red bumps (papules) that explode for several days

  • Small, fluid-filled blisters (vesicles) formed from extruded nodes

  • Scabs along with crusts that cover broken ampoules and take a few extra days to heal

New blisters occur for several days. As a result, you may have three stages of rash - papules, blisters, and encrusted lesions - simultaneously on the second day of the rash. After infection, the virus can spread up to 48 hours before a rash occurs and remains contagious until all patches appear.

The disease is usually mild in healthy children. In severe cases, the rash may spread to the entire body and the lesions may form in the throat, eyes and mucous membranes of the urethra, anus, and vagina. 

Causes of Chicken Pox

The causative agent for chicken pox is Varicella Zoster virus. It can spread from affected person to others rapidly by exposure to fluids from nose and mouth. 

Risk Factors of Chicken Pox

Chickenpox, caused by the varicella-zoster virus, is highly contagious and can spread quickly. The virus is spread through direct contact with a rash or drops released into the air by coughing or sneezing.

The risk of getting chickenpox is greater for:

  • A person who did not have chickenpox in life

  • A person was not vaccinated against chickenpox

  • Someone who works at school or takes care of children

  • people living with children

Most people who have had chickenpox or who have been vaccinated against chickenpox are immune to chickenpox. If you got the vaccination and still have chickenpox, the symptoms are often lighter, fewer blisters, and a mild or no fever. Some people can get chickenpox more than once, but it's rare.

Preventive Measures of Chicken Pox

A chickenpox vaccine is the best way to prevent chickenpox. Experts at The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that the vaccine provides complete protection against the virus for nearly 98% of patients receiving the two recommended doses. If the vaccine does not provide complete protection, the severity of the disease will be significantly reduced.

A vaccine against varicella (Varivax) is recommended for:

Small children

In the United States, children are given two vaccines against varicella. The first 12 to 15 months and the other at the age of 4 to 6 years - as part of a routine immunization program for children. The vaccine may be associated with the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, but in some children between 12 and 23 months of age. The combination may increase the risk of fever and convulsions due to the vaccine. Discuss the pros and cons of combining vaccines with a pediatrician.

Unvaccinated Older children.

Children between the ages of 7 and 12 who have not been vaccinated but should receive two vaccinations against varicella at least 3 months apart. Children over the age of 13 who never get vaccination should receive two doses of booster vaccine at least four weeks apart.

Unvaccinated Adults 

Who have never had chickenpox but are exposed to high exposure risk. This applies to health professionals, teachers, foreign travelers, military personnel, adults living with young children and all women of childbearing age. Adults who have never had chickenpox or who did not vaccine usually receive two vaccinations every four to eight weeks. If you do not remember that you had chickenpox or a vaccine, a blood test can determine your immunity.

If you have chickenpox, you do not need a chickenpox vaccine. In the case of chickenpox, the person is usually immune to the virus for life. Chickenpox can shrink more than once, but this is not common. 

Vaccination against varicella is not allowing:

  • Pregnant woman

  • People with immunodeficiency, such as people with HIV or people who take immunosuppressants.

Talk to your doctor if you are not sure if you need a vaccine. If you want to get pregnant, talk to your doctor about the vaccines before you give birth.