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The pressure at which blood flows through arteries in the entire body is called blood pressure. Typically, it fluctuates throughout life, yet the abnormal fluctuation for an unusual time indicates an ongoing health factor, including metabolic disorders or calorie deficiency.
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Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury or mmHg in two figures: systolic and diastolic.
Ideal blood pressure ranges from 90/60mmHg & to 120/80mmHg
High blood pressure ranges from 140/90mmHg or above
Low blood pressure is below 90/60mmHg
Hypertension is categorized as follows:
Primary Hypertension occurs when blood pressure is high three or more times and has no other underlying medical conditions
Secondary Hypertension is controllable and caused by the abnormal blood supply to kidneys via arteries, due to medical conditions like sleep airway obstruction, adrenal glands diseases, hormone imbalance, or thyroid disorders
Hypertension involves several factors, including:
Lack of exercise and obesity
Smoking, extra salt, and caffeine intake
Insomnia and disturbed sleep
50+ age and genetics
Underlying health issues such as heart or kidney problems or atherosclerosis
Symptoms of hypertension include:
Headache, altered vision, and ringing in the ears
Chest pain or irregular heartbeat
Fatigue, anxiety, muscle stiffness, vomiting, and confusion
Hypertension is treated through medications like ACE inhibitors, angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs), calcium channel blockers, diuretics, or beta blockers. In moderate hypertension, doctors only suggest preventive measures such as exercise, moderate diet intake, staying hydrated, etc.
It is better always to consult the best doctor in Pakistan if you suffer from high blood pressure.
Hypotension occurs when blood within the arteries flows at the low-pressure cause of the following:
Significant blood loss or heart attack
Allergic reaction or infection
Low iron or energy levels
Certain physical or psychological conditions
Hypotension is classified as:
Orthostatic Hypotension occurs when the blood pressure drops with the body's positional change, lasting for a few seconds to minutes.
Postprandial Hypotension occurs after eating and victimizes adults or Parkinson's patients. To combat it, consider a carbohydrate-free diet, stay hydrated, and avoid caffeine.
Neurally Mediated Hypotension affects young adults and children only when they stand for an extended period.
Hypotension shows up as:
Concentration issues, dizziness, or fainting
Shivering or vomiting
Cold hands and feet
For treating hypotension,
Take salts and fluid juices
Go for drug therapy as directed by the medical consultant
Both hyper/hypotension are diagnosed in multiple ways with:
Blood and urine tests
Measurement of heart’s activity through Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Hypertension or hypotension must be taken seriously as it may lead to serious health complications, such as:
Organ damage, such as brain, heart, kidney, or eye
Serious psychological issues
One of the most dangerous aspects of high blood pressure is that you may not know that you are suffering from it. In fact, almost a third of hypertensive people do not know it. The only way to know if your blood pressure is high is to test it regularly. If your blood pressure is very high, some symptoms may occur, including:
A strong headache
Fatigue or confusion
Irregular heart rhythm
Blood in the urine
Pounding in the chest, neck or ears
There are two types of hypertension.
Primary hypertension (basic)
For most adults, there is no obvious cause of hypertension. This type of high pressure, called primary hypertension (hypertension), tends to develop gradually over many years.
Some people have high blood pressure because of a medical problem. This type of hypertension, called secondary hypertension, occurs suddenly and causes higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. Different conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including:
Obstructive sleep apnea
Some of the defects that are present by birth (innate) in the blood vessels
Some medications, such as birth control pills, cold medications,
Old age: The chances for a blood pressure increase with age.
Gender: Before the age of 55, men are more likely to have high blood pressure. Women are exposed to higher blood pressure after menopause.
Race: African Americans are at higher risk for hypertension. With age, our vascular system changes. The arteries become stiffer and the blood pressure increases. This also applies to people who have healthy heart habits. The good news is that blood pressure can be controlled for most people.
There are many changes you can make in your lifestyle to reduce the risk of high blood pressure:
Maintain a healthy weight:
Obesity increases the risk of high blood pressure.
Exercise every day:
Exercise helps in maintaining blood pressure and reducing stress. Set some goals so that you can train safely and train at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week. Consult your doctor before starting a training plan if you have health problems that are not treated. For more information about exercise and physical activity.
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products can help lower blood pressure.
With age, your blood pressure and body become more sensitive to salt (sodium), so you may need to be aware of the amount of salt in your diet.
Drink less alcohol:
Alcohol consumption can affect blood pressure. Men should not take more than two drinks a day, and women should not take more than one day to reduce the risk of high blood pressure.
Smoking increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and other health problems. If you smoke, stop doing it. They are never too old to stop, and the health benefits of quitting can be seen at any age.
Tell your doctor if you hear that you are snoring or that you sound like you have stopped breathing while you sleep. This may indicate a problem called sleep apnea. The treatment of sleep apnea and restful sleep can help lower blood pressure.
There are two types of hypertension.
1- Primary hypertension
2- Secondary hypertension