دل کے دھڑکنے سے تمام جسم کو خون کے ذریعے توانائی اور آکسیجن کی فراہمی ممکن ہوتی ہے۔ نسوں پر خون کے دبائو کو بلڈ پریشر کہا جاتا ہے۔ بلڈپریشر کا ایک صحتمند حد میں رہنا انسان کی صحت کے لیے از حد ضروری ہے۔ بلڈ پریشر کی نارمل حد ۱۲۰ اور ۸۰ ہے ۔ اس سے کم یا زیادہ ہونے کی صورت میں انسانی صحت پر مضر اثرات مرتب ہوتے ہیں۔ ہائی بلڈ پریشر تمام اعضا کو نقصان پہنچاتا ہے جب کہ لو بلڈ پریشر بھی مہلک ثابت یو سکتا ہے۔
One of the reasons to visit a doctor regularly is to control your blood pressure. Routine blood pressure checks help you detect an early increase in blood pressure, even if you feel well. If during two or more tests, there are signs that your blood pressure is too high, your doctor may ask you at different times of the day to monitor your blood pressure. If the pressure is still high, even if relaxed, the doctor may suggest exercises, diet, and probably medications. Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
Blood pressure is the power of the blood that it exerts on the walls of the arteries as it flows through. When the doctor measures the blood pressure, the results are given in two digits. The first number, called systolic blood pressure, is the pressure caused by the contraction of the heart and the discharge of blood. When veins relax and fill with blood this is called diastolic blood pressure.
Blood pressure readings are generally reported as systolic blood pressure against diastolic blood pressure, for example, 138/72. Normal blood pressure in adults is defined as systolic blood pressure below 120 and diastolic blood pressure below 80. It is defined as 120/80. The situation in which blood pressure is below the normal range is called hypotension, and pressure that is consistently high is termed as hypertension.
Recently the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology have changed the definition of high blood pressure or hypertension for most people. Hypertension is usually defined as 130 or higher for the first number or 80 or more for the second number (previously 140/90). However, older people who decide to initiate the treatment of hypertension, including other health problems and overall physical condition, have important reasons. If your blood pressure exceeds 130/80, your doctor will assess your condition to determine what treatment is needed to balance the risks and benefits of your situation.
What if Blood Pressure is High or Low?
For the elderly, the first digit (contraction) is often 130 or more, but the number of seconds (diastole) is less than 80. This problem is called isolated systolic hypertension, due to the rigidity of the main arteries associated with age. It is the most common form of hypertension in the elderly and can lead to serious health problems (stroke, heart disease, vision problems, and kidney failure) as well as a lack of air during light, dizziness, while physical activity becomes too fast and falls. If your doctor determines that your systolic pressure exceeds your normal age, ask how you can reduce it.
What happens if my blood pressure is low? If your blood pressure is below 90/60, you have low blood pressure or low blood pressure. You may feel dizzy, weak, dizzy or even unconscious. Low blood pressure may be due to lack of fluid (dehydration), loss of blood, some diseases or excessive medication.
One of the most dangerous aspects of high blood pressure is that you may not know that you are suffering from it. In fact, almost a third of hypertensive people do not know it. The only way to know if your blood pressure is high is to test it regularly. If your blood pressure is very high, some symptoms may occur, including:
A strong headache
Fatigue or confusion
Irregular heart rhythm
Blood in the urine
Pounding in the chest, neck or ears
There are two types of hypertension.
Primary hypertension (basic)
For most adults, there is no obvious cause of hypertension. This type of high pressure, called primary hypertension (hypertension), tends to develop gradually over many years.
Some people have high blood pressure because of a medical problem. This type of hypertension, called secondary hypertension, occurs suddenly and causes higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. Different conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including:
Obstructive sleep apnea
Some of the defects that are present by birth (innate) in the blood vessels
Some medications, such as birth control pills, cold medications,
Old age: The chances for a blood pressure increase with age.
Gender: Before the age of 55, men are more likely to have high blood pressure. Women are exposed to higher blood pressure after menopause.
Race: African Americans are at higher risk for hypertension. With age, our vascular system changes. The arteries become stiffer and the blood pressure increases. This also applies to people who have healthy heart habits. The good news is that blood pressure can be controlled for most people.
There are many changes you can make in your lifestyle to reduce the risk of high blood pressure:
MAaintain a healthy weight:
Obesity increases the risk of high blood pressure.
Exercise every day:
Exercise helps in maintaining blood pressure. Set some goals so that you can train safely and train at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week. Consult your doctor before starting a training plan if you have health problems that are not treated. For more information about exercise and physical activity
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products can help lower blood pressure.
With age, your blood pressure and body become more sensitive to salt (sodium), so you may need to be aware of the amount of salt in your diet.
Drink less alcohol:
Alcohol consumption can affect blood pressure. Men should not take more than two drinks a day, and women should not take more than one day to reduce the risk of high blood pressure.
Smoking increases the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and other health problems. If you smoke, stop doing it. They are never too old to stop, and the health benefits of quitting can be seen at any age.
Tell your doctor if you hear that you are snoring or that you sound like you have stopped breathing while you sleep. This may indicate a problem called sleep apnea. The treatment of sleep apnea and restful sleep can help lower blood pressure.
There are two types of hypertension.
1- Primary hypertension
2- Secondary hypertension