Chikungunya - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Chikungunya in Urdu

Find the complete list of doctors who deals with {{disease}} issues in {{city}}. You can access the complete details of {{disease}} specialists along with the relevant information. You can also book an appointment by a phone call with Marham.

Summary about Chikungunya in English

Chikungunya is a viral disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes. It was first identified in 1952 when it broke out in southern Tanzania. The virus that causes it is an RNA virus from Togaviridae family’s alphavirus genus. The term ‘chikungunya’ is a derivative that means ‘to become contorted’ in the Kimakonde language. It refers to how the people infected by it appear to be stooped down because of the pain in their joints.

Chikungunya virus is primarily transmitted through the infected Aedes mosquito's sting. The same type of mosquitoes is also responsible for transmitting the dengue virus as well. Their breeding place is near where humans live and their preferred feeding time is during the day in areas where there is ample shade or during early night.

While Chikungunya will not be fatal for a clear majority of the time, the symptoms are still not at all present and greatly impair the functionality of the individual.

 

Show More

Symptoms of Chikungunya

The majority of the people that acquire the chikungunya virus will go on to show some symptoms that appear around 3 to 7 days after the infectious mosquito bite. These include:

  • High fever
  • Joint pain
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Joint swelling
  • Rashes appearing

Although a majority of the patients will not get better in just one week, there is a high likelihood that they would continue to experience pain in their joints for months. Furthermore, getting infected even once ensures immunity against further chances of infection.

Risk Factors of Chikungunya

Infected female mosquitoes' bites are the primary transmitter of this virus. The times when mosquitoes of this origin tend to be most active is during the day and are active in warmer places. So, risk factors would include the place of residence that is warmer. Those individuals who live or work in close vicinity to garbage sites and stagnant water are at a higher risk. Furthermore, farmers and those who work on farms were at the highest risk for contracting this chikungunya.

Furthermore, there is a higher chance of acquiring the infection for various population groups. These groups include newborn infants and elderly people. Those people who have issues like high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease are at a higher risk as well.

Preventive Measures for Chikungunya

It is not necessary to implement severe preventive measures. However, it is imperative to implement ways in which mosquito bites could be avoided. It is especially necessary in cases of children or any other vulnerable, ill persons. It is important to keep track of both individual protection and the management of mosquitoes in order to contain this disease.

Wearing loose fitted and have longer sleeved clothes can ensure individual protection. It would also include the wearing of muscle repellent. Installing meshes into windows can also potentially halt entry of mosquitoes into the rooms.

Environmental management of mosquitoes would include the covering up of any tanks or containers that might have stagnant water as still, clean water is a welcome breeding place for them.

Doctors for Chikungunya in Different Cities

Do you want to get Second Opinion about Disease from qualified doctors?

Click to get Opinion

Doctors for Chikungunya

Prof. Dr. Talat Naheed - General Physician

  • MBBS, MCPS , Doctorate of Medicine in Gastroenterology, F.C.C.P. (U.S.A.) F.R.C.P.(EDIN) F.R.C.P.(London)
  • Professor
  • 35 Years Experience
  • Gastroenterology
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Respiratory Infections
  • Hepatitis
  • review-img117 Positive Reviews
  • Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore
  • PKR 2500
  • Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat
  • Available Today

Dr. Zeeshan Ali - General Physician

  • MBBS, FCPS (MEDICINE), MCPS
  • Consultant
  • 12 Years Experience
  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Hypertention Management
  • Diabetic Management
  • General Physician
  • Hepatitis
  • review-img11 Positive Reviews
  • Old Clifton, Karachi
  • Rs. 2000 - 3000
  • Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat
  • Available Today

Dr. Samina Khalid - General Physician

  • MBBS, MRCGP
  • Consultant
  • 30 Years Experience
  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatolgy
  • Infectious diseases
  • review-img3 Positive Reviews
  • DHA, Karachi
  • PKR 700
  • Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat
  • Available Today

Dr. Tahir Islam - Internal Medicine

  • MBBS, MCPS, DTCD (T.B. & CHEST DISEASES)
  • Consultant
  • 30 Years Experience
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Infectious Diseases
  • review-img30 Positive Reviews
  • Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore
  • PKR 1500
  • Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat
  • Available Today
+ View All Doctors