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Cold Sore - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Cold Sore in Urdu

یہ ایک وائرل انفیکشن ہے جو کہ ہونٹوں کے گرد مائع بھرے چھالوں کی صورت میں نمودار ہو تا ہے۔ ان زخموں کا ایک شخص سےدوسرے شخص کو قریبی رابطوں کے ذریعے منتقل ہونا ممکن ہے۔ اینٹی ویرل منشیات تیزی سے ان زخموں کو شفا دینے میں مدد کرسکتے ہیں۔

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Summary about Cold Sore in English

Climate change, such as the sun or the wind, can trigger a recurrence of a cold, says Okeke-Igbokwe. Abrupt climate changes the body's immune system, which increases the risk of catching a cold if you already have one, of course, the virus. Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are a common viral infection. These are small blisters filled with liquid in and around your lips. These bubbles are often grouped into patches. After the rupture of the bubbles, a crust is formed on the wound. Oral ulcers usually heal in two to four weeks without scarring.

Cold sores are transmitted from person to person through close contacts, such as kisses. They are caused by a herpes simplex virus (HSV-1), closely related to genital herpes (HSV-2). Both viruses can affect your mouth or genitals and spread through oral sex. Cold sores are contagious, even if you do not see the wounds. There is no cure for HSV infection and bladders can come back. Antiviral drugs can help to heal cold sores faster and reduce the frequency of their recurrence.


No proper curing method is available to fight against it but some self-management techniques like ice or cold water implement and nonsteroidal ointments can help.

Symptoms of Cold Sore

  • itching around the lips
  • blisters along the borderline of lips
  • oozing and crusting of sores 

Causes of Cold Sore

  • Viral infection or fever
  • Hormonal changes, such as during menstruation
  • Stress
  • Fatigue
  • Exposure to sunlight and wind
  • Changes in the immune system
  • Injury to the skin

Risk Factors of Cold Sore

These are some of the risk factors of cold sores;

  • Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
  • Cancer chemotherapy
  • Anti-rejection drugs for organ transplants

Preventive Measures of Cold Sore

  • avoid skin contact with people having an infection
  • avoid sharing utensils, towels, lip balm and other personal items.
  • keep your hands and face clean

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