Congenital Diseases - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Doctors For Congenital Diseases

Profile Photo of Cardiologist in Kasur - Dr. Syed Nouman Kazmi

Dr. Syed Nouman Kazmi

Cardiologist

MBBS, FCPS (Cardiology)

Experience

11 Yrs

Satisfaction

97%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 1,000

Heart And Medical Centre, Cantt, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,000 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Bhatti International Hospital, Raiwand Road, Kasur

Available Today

Rs. 1,500

Profile Photo of Cardiologist in Karachi - Prof. Dr. Zamir A Siddiqui

Prof. Dr. Zamir A Siddiqui

Cardiologist, Diabetologist

MBBS, M.Phil (Clinical Pharmacology), M.D (Cardiology), Dip Diab. (Diplomate Diabetology), Ph.D. Scholar (Clinical Pharmacology)

Experience

29 Yrs

Satisfaction

96%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 3,000

Park Lane Hospital, Clifton, Karachi

Available Today

Rs. 3,000

Dr Zamir A Clinic, Clifton, Karachi

Available today

Rs. 4,000

Profile Photo of Cardiologist in Lahore - Prof. Dr. Tariq Mahmood Malik

Prof. Dr. Tariq Mahmood Malik

Cardiologist, Internal Medicine Specialist

MBBS, Diplomate American Board of Internal Medicine, Diplomate American Board of Cardiovascular Disease, Certification Board of Nuclear Cardiology

Experience

39 Yrs

Satisfaction

98%

Video Consultation

Available from Feb 28

Rs. 3,500

Punjab Medical Center, Jail Road, Lahore

Available from Feb 28

Rs. 4,000

Profile Photo of Cardiologist in Quetta - Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fazal Ur Rahman Panezai

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fazal Ur Rahman Panezai

Cardiologist

MBBS, MCPS, FCPS (Cardiology)

Experience

12 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 3,000

Saleem Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta City, Quetta

Available Today

Rs. 700

Profile Photo of Cardiologist in Lahore - Dr. Asif Latif Azad

Dr. Asif Latif Azad

Cardiologist

MBBS, Diploma in Cardiology

Experience

11 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Video Consultation

Available today

Rs. 500

Profile Photo of Cardiologist in Lahore - Dr. Muryem Siddiqa

Dr. Muryem Siddiqa

Cardiologist

MBBS, FCPS (Cardiology)

Experience

23 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 1,000

Qasim Sandhu Hospital, Wapda town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,000

Summary about Congenital Diseases

A congenital disorder is a condition that affects people from the moment they are born. Congenital disorders can be passed down through the generations or brought on by environmental factors. Their effect on a child's health and development isn't always severe, and it can be quite mild in some cases. However, a child having a congenital disorder may face a disability or some health problems throughout life.

Causes of Congenital Diseases

  • Genes play a significant role in many congenital anomalies.
  • In resource-constrained countries and families, congenital anomalies may be indirectly influenced by low income.
  • When a pregnant woman uses certain pesticides and other chemicals, takes certain medications, drinks alcohol, smokes tobacco, or is exposed to radiation, her fetus is more likely to be born with congenital disabilities.
  • In low- and middle-income countries, maternal infections such as rubella and syphilis are a significant cause of congenital anomalies. Moreover, the Zika virus can cause microcephaly in an unborn child and other congenital abnormalities in the developing fetus.
  • If a mother is insufficient in folate, she increases her baby's risk of having a neural tube defect. At the same time, excessive intake of vitamin A may negatively affect the development of an embryo or fetus.

Preventive Measures of Congenital Diseases

Congenital diseases can be prevented by:

  • Making sure young girls and mothers consume a variety of fruits and vegetables while maintaining a healthy weight
  • Ensuring mothers avoid harmful substances, such as alcohol and tobacco.
  • Making sure that adolescents and mothers consume adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals, especially folic acid
  • Avoiding travel by pregnant women (and sometimes those of childbearing age) to areas where infections are causing congenital anomalies
  • Limiting or eliminating exposure to hazardous substances (such as pesticides or heavy metals) during pregnancy
  • Controlling diabetes before and during pregnancy through weight management, counseling, diet, and insulin administration if necessary
  • weighing the risks and benefits of any exposure to medications or medical radiation (such as imaging rays) for pregnant women carefully
  • vaccination, particularly against the rubella virus for kids and females
  • Enhancing and strengthening the education of health practitioners and those involved in promoting the prevention of congenital disabilities
  • Screening for infections, such as varicella, rubella, and syphilis, and considering possible treatments.

Treatment

  • Several structural congenital disabilities are corrected through pediatric surgery.

Specific congenital disabilities can be treated through:

  • Gene therapy
  • Enzyme replacement therapy
  • Some congenital disabilities can be detected and treated before the child is born. For example, prenatal surgery can treat babies with rare lung tumors and urinary tract obstructions.

Congenital Diseases treatment in other cities