اس سے مراد دل کے وہ مقائص ہی جو پیدائش کے وقت یا اس سے پہلے پیدا ہو جاتے ہیں۔ ان خرابیوں میں درج ذیل مسائل شامل ہیں ۔
ventricular septal defect (VSD)
atrial septal defect (ASD)
patent ductus arteriosus
pulmonary valve stenosis
aortic valve stenosis, and coarctation of the aorta
Acyanotic heart disease is a set of heart problems that usually arise prior to or at birth. They do not, however, hinder the quantity of oxygen or blood that is to be relayed to the tissues. This condition is a sub-category of congenital heart defects. Basically, the blood passes from the left chamber(s) of the heart to the right one(s) because of a defect in the interventricular septum’s (wall of the heart) structure.
The person encounters high blood pressure which would in turn strain the heart's functionality. Due to this increased pressure, the heart can grow weak and the chances of heart failure become more probable.
The signs and symptoms of acyanotic heart disease are:
It could be caused due to;
Even though no concrete cause has been identified, there are several risk factors that raise the susceptibility for this condition. Pregnant women with diabetes have a much higher chance of birthing a child with this ailment. Other risk factors associated with pregnant women include alcohol consumption. If women consume more alcohol than has been recommended during pregnancy they are much more likely to birth a child that has acyanotic heart disease.
The genetics are another component that is indispensable. It could be that the child inherits this condition from his parents.
Another risk factor is the whether the child has Down's syndrome. This genetic abnormality is characterized by a set of disabilities. About 50 % of the children who have Down’s syndrome will also have a congenital heart disease.
Research has not properly identified the causes of acyanotic heart disease. However, we can formulate preventive measures by looking at the risk factors.
If the woman is pregnant, it is recommended that they be vaccinated against flu and rubella. They should also not drink alcohol at all. Taking 0.4 mg folic acid tablets or supplements every day for the first twelve weeks of pregnancy is also a regimen that doctors have recommended. Regular consultation with the general physician before self-administrating any medication during the pregnancy is also very important.
Avoiding any contact with those who have infection is also necessary. The diabetes should be under maximum control in the case of pregnant women with diabetes. Lastly, the minimization of the pregnant person's exposure to organic solvents like paint thinners and nail polish removers is necessary.