It is one of the cardiovascular diseases and characterized by the hardening and loss of elasticity of arterioles or small arteries and is most often associated with hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
There are some other terms that has been used interchangeably with this such as; atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis. These kinds of cases are handled by the medical professionals commonly known as cardiologists.
High blood pressure
High cholesterol levels
Increased fat portion in body
Smoking and other sources of tobacco
Inflammation caused by various diseases such as; arthritis, lupus or infections, or inflammation of unknown cause
Signs and Symptoms It is a slow process that develops gradually and initially do not show any signs. Later on, signs depend upon the type of artery that has been defected and includes the following symptoms;
chest pain or pressure
sudden numbness or weakness in your arms or legs
difficulty in speaking
temporary loss of vision in one eye
high blood pressure
Treatment Options It can be treated by;
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
Surgeries such as; percutaneous coronary intervention, Coronary artery bypass grafting, or carotid endarterectomy