Heart Failure - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Heart Failure in Urdu

ہارٹ فیل وہ طبی حالت ہے کہ جب دل خون پمپ کرنے میں ناکام ہو جاتا ہے۔ اس کی بہت سی وجوہات ہو سکتی ہیں جن میں دل کی رگوں کی سختی اور ہائی بلڈ پریشر شامل ہیں۔ دل کو متاثر کرنے والی بیماریاں دل کے پٹھوں کو کمزور کر دیتی ہیں اور دل سکڑنے اور پھلینے کے قابل نہیں رہتا۔

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Summary about Heart Failure in English

Heart failure is the term used for the condition when heart muscles fail to pump efficiently. Heart failure does not mean that the heart has stopped beating but it is more associated with the ability of the heart to pump efficiently. Narrowing of coronary arteries and diseases like hypertension leave heart muscles weak and stiff eventually leading to heart failure. Treatment and lifestyle changes can help to improve the quality of life for affected patients. Making exercise a habit and restricting sodium intake can be beneficial for increasing life span of heart failure affected persons. Regular evaluation from a cardiologist is essential for heart patients. To find and consult the best cardiologists in {{city}} log on to marham.pk.

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Symptoms of Heart Failure

Heart failure can show the following symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath upon exercising or even when at rest
  • Sweating
  • Abnormally irregular heartbeats
  • Odema
  • Rapid weight gain 
  • Persistent cough with blood-stained phlegm
  • Lack of concentration 
  • Chest pain 
  • Ascites

Causes of Heart Failure

Coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, and heart attack can cause heart failure. In addition to these chronic diseases like HTN also lead to heart failure by overworking heart muscles. Diabetes, thyroid diseases, kidney diseases, and congenital heart defects can also lead to heart failure. Cardiac arrhythmias and valve defects also can be responsible for heart failure.

Risk Factors of Heart Failure

Risk factors that increase the likelihood of heart failure are:

  • Obesity 
  • Diabetes
  • Heart attack
  • HTN
  • CAD
  • Certain medicines
  • Sleep apnea
  • Heart defects 
  • Smoking
  • Alcoholism 
  • Viral infections
  • Valve disorders
  • Arrhythmias

Preventive Measures of Heart Failure

Heart failure can be prevented by:

  • Managing chronic conditions efficiently
  • Healthy diet 
  • Exercising regularly 
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight 
  • keeping cholesterol levels in limits 
  • Eliminating stress

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