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Hypertension - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Hypertension in Urdu

ہائپرٹینشن اور دل کی بیماری عالمی صحت کے مسائل ہیں. ورلڈ ہیلتھ آرگنائزیشن (ڈبلیو ایچ او) نے رپورٹ کیا کہ غذا میں بڑھتی ہوئی نمک اور ہائی بلڈ پریشر میں ایک اہم کردار ادا کرتا ہے۔ ہائپرٹینشن کو ہائی بلڈ پریشر بھی کہا جاتا ہے

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Summary about Hypertension in English

Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. The force with which blood puts pressure on the walls of the blood vessels is called blood pressure. The high blood pressure or hypertension increases the rate of heart diseases, and strokes. The pressure depends on the work of the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels. The normal range for blood pressure is 120/80mmHg. This slightly differs as you age. However, any reading above 130/85 consistently should not be ignored.

Hypertension and heart disease are global health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports points out that increasing salt in the diet plays a major role in hypertension. It is a long-lasting condition that mostly does not show significant symptoms. But it is really dangerous and also known as the silent killer as it can cause:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Permanent vision loss
  • Kidney problem

Lifestyle changes like maintaining healthy body weight, decreased salt intake, proper physical activity, regular exercise, and a healthy diet with appropriate medications can help to reduce blood pressure and the associated risk of complications.


Symptoms of Hypertension

Many people experience no symptoms of hypertension at all while some of the affectees of high blood pressure or hypertension can experience the following symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Vision changes and problems
  • Nosebleeding
  • A generalized discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pounding 
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Bloody urine


Causes of Hypertension

Primary hypertension usually has no identifiable cause whereas secondary hypertension can be due to:

  • Diabetes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney disorders
  • Tumors affecting the adrenal gland
  • Congenital defects
  • Some prescription medicines such as decongestants and cold remedies
  • Drug abuse

Risk Factors of Hypertension

Risk factors for hypertension include:

  • Corpulence
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Stress
  • Family history
  • Age
  • Low potassium intake
  • High sodium intake
  • A sedentary lifestyle

Preventive Measures of Hypertension

Living life in a healthy manner has many benefits and this includes staying safe from high blood pressure as well. A balanced diet, exercise, and stress management can help to reduce the occurrence of hypertension. Limiting the use of unhealthy fats, keeping cholesterol and blood sugar levels in a healthy range, and watching salt intake can shield you from this disease.

Types of Hypertension

There are two types of hypertension.

1- Primary hypertension

2- Secondary hypertension

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