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Cardiac Arrest - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Cardiac Arrest in Urdu

یہ اچانک سل کی حرکت بند ہونے کی حالت ہے ج ؤو کہ کسی بھی پیشگی علامت کا اظہار نہیں کرتی۔ یہ دل میں ہونے والی ایک برقی خرابی کی وجہ سے دل دماغ اور دوسرے اہم اعجا کو کون کی فراہمی جاری رکھنے کے قابل نہیں رہتا

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Summary about Cardiac Arrest in English

The rhythm of the heartbeat is controlled by the internal electrical system of the heart. The problems can cause abnormal heart rhythms,  called arrhythmias. There are many types of arrhythmia. During an arrhythmia, the heart may beat too fast or too slow, or may stop beating. Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the heart develops an arrhythmia that stops it from beating. This differs from a heart attack in which the heart usually beats, but the flow of blood to the heart is blocked.

There are many possible reasons for cardiac arrest. These include ischemic heart disease, physical stress, and some inherited diseases. Sometimes there is no known cause for sudden cardiac arrest. Without medical help, the person dies in a few minutes. People die less often if defibrillated early. Defibrillation discharges the current to restore the heart rate. You must give the sudden cardiac arrest person cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) until defibrillation.

Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest

The signs of and symptoms of sudden heart attack include.

  • Sudden collapse

  • No pulse 

  • No breathing

  • Loss of consciousness

In cardiac arrest, some other symptoms and signs are developed that includes.  

  • Chest discomfort 
  • Shortness of the breath 
  • Weakness
  • Palpitations

Causes of Cardiac Arrest

A problem in the heart beats of the individual as a result of the electoral system of the heart is the main cause of the sudden heart arrest. The electoral system of the heart controls the rhythm and rate of the heartbeat. If something goes wrong in the body the heart can beat fast and individual faces abnormal heart rhythms. Although the arrhythmias are short and harmless sometimes it causes serious consequences. In the lower chamber of the heart, the most fatal cardiac arrest occurs. Rapid erratic impulses cause serious quiver in the heart rather than pumping the blood. 

Heart problems that can cause a sudden cardiac arrest

In people without heart disease, a sudden cardiac arrest may occur. However, a life-threatening arrhythmia usually develops in a person with pre-existing, possibly undiagnosed heart disease. The conditions include:

Coronary Artery Disease 

Most cases of sudden cardiac arrest with cholesterol and other debris, that blocks the arteries due to this the flow of the blood reduce in the heart. 

Heart Attack 

When a heart attack occurs, often as a result of severe coronary heart disease, it can trigger ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac arrest. In addition, a heart attack can leave scar tissue in the heart. Electrical shorts around the scar tissue can cause an abnormal heart rhythm.

Large heart (cardiomyopathy). 

This occurs especially when the muscle walls of your heart expand and expand or thicken. Then the heart muscle is abnormal, which often leads to arrhythmias.

Heart valve disease. 

Leakage or narrowing of the heart valves can cause stretching or thickening of the heart muscle. Increasing or weakening the spaces due to the tension of a closed or leaking valve increases the risk of arrhythmias.

Congenital heart disease 

When a sudden cardiac arrest occurs in children or adolescents, it may be due to heart failure that occurred at birth (congenital heart disease). Adults undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease still have an increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest.

Electrical problems in the heart. 

In some people, the problem is more in the electrical system of the heart than in the heart muscle or heart valves. These are referred to as primary cardiac arrhythmias and include conditions such as Brugada syndrome and long QT syndrome.

Risk Factors of Cardiac Arrest

Sudden cardiac arrest is linked with coronary heart disease and put life in the risk of the coronary artery disease and this way the chances of the sudden cardiac arrest. 

  • A family history 

  • Smoking 

  • High blood pressure 

  • High blood cholesterol 

  • Obesity 

  • Diabetes

  • A sedentary lifestyle

  • Other factors of sudden cardiac arrest include

  • A family history of cardiac arrest 

  • Previous heart attack.

  • A family history of heart problems.

  • Being Male 

  • Age 

  • Use illegal drugs 

  • Sleep apnea

  • Chronic kidney diseases.

Preventive Measures of Cardiac Arrest

The chances of sudden cardiac arrest can be reduced by regular checkups and being screened for heart disease and living a healthy life.