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Endocarditis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Endocarditis in Urdu

یہ دل کے چیمبروں اور دل والوز کی استر کا ایک انفیکشن ہے. اینڈوکوڈائٹس عام طور پر اس وقت ہوتی ہے جب بیکٹیریا، فنگی یا آپ کے جسم کے کسی دوسرے حصے میں دیگر بیماریوں سے جراثیم مثال کے طور پر، آپ کے منہ سے خون کے ذریعے آپ کے دل تک پینچ جاتے ہیں. اگر یہ بگاڑ لاعلاج چھوڑ دیا جاتا ہے تو، اینڈوکوڈائٹس دل والوز کو نقصان پہنچا سکتا ہے یا تباہ کر سکتا ہیں اور زندگی سے متعلق سنگین خطرات جنم لیتے ہیں. اینڈوکوڈائٹس کے علاج کے لئے اینٹی بائیوٹیکٹس شامل ہیں اور بعض صورتوں میں، سرجری کی ضرورت بھی پیش آ سکتی ہے۔.

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Summary about Endocarditis in English

Endocarditis is an infection of the endocardium, the lining of heart chambers and heart valves. Endocarditis usually occurs when bacteria, fungi or other germs from another part of your body, for example, from your mouth, spread in the blood and adhere to the damaged areas of your heart. If left untreated, endocarditis can damage or destroy heart valves and lead to life-threatening complications. Treatments for endocarditis include antibiotics and, in some cases, surgery. Since there are many ways to develop endocarditis, your doctor may not be able to identify the exact cause of your disease. However, people at higher risk for endocarditis often have heart valves, artificial heart valves, or other heart defects.

Symptoms of Endocarditis

Following are the symptoms of endocarditis. its initial symptoms are similar to flu which are

  • Chills
  • High temperature
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pain

If the person does not get the treatment, he may even get an infection, damaging his heart. It can disrupt blood flow inside the heart and may lead to life-threatening situations, which are;

  • Stroke: In this disease, the supply of blood to the brain is stopped
  • Heart failure: In this problem, the heart cannot pump blood towards the body, and the blood demands are not met.

Causes of Endocarditis

The causes for endocarditis are;

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is when the heart muscles have become large, and the heart chambers get thickened.
  • Congenital heart disease can also cause endocarditis. It is the congenital disability of heart disease in a person.
  • Valve replacement surgery is used to narrow the heart's valves, and it may also cause endocarditis.
  • If the heart has damaged valves due to some heart diseases or infections, it may lead to endocarditis.
  • People who use drugs are often susceptible to endocarditis.

Preventive Measures of Endocarditis

It would be best if you took the following preventive measures to avoid or reduce this disease;

  • If you feel any symptoms mentioned above, immediately contact a consultant because if this disease is diagnosed at an early stage, then its treatment can be done
  • Do not let yourself towards medical procedures of heart without an urgent need.

Treatment

Its treatment can be done in many ways according to which are

  • Antibiotics
  • Surgery to repair the damaged valve where any abscesses get developed

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