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Abnormal Heart Rhythms - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Abnormal Heart Rhythms in Urdu

دل ایک قاعدے کے مطابق مخصوص رفتار سے دھڑکتا رہتا ہے۔ عمر میں اضافہ، بیماریوں یا غیر صحت مندانہ طرز زندگی سے دل کی صحت متاثر ہو سکتی ہے۔ اس صورت میں کئی علامات سامنے آ سکتی ہیں جن میں دل کی بے ترتیب دھڑکنیں بھی شامل ہیں۔ اس مرض میں دل کی دھڑکن اچانک کم یا زیادہ ہو جاتی ہے ۔اردھمیا کی کئی اقسام ہیں جن کی علامات اور علاج مختلف ہیں۔

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Summary about Abnormal Heart Rhythms in English

A heart is the vital pumping organ of the human body that provides oxygenated blood to the whole body organs. Heartbeats in proper rhythm and sometimes it is disturbed to due to some factors. As a result of this disturbance heart may beat slower or faster than usual or may its beat becomes irregular. This situation is commonly known as Arrhythmia. Heart rhythm problems (cardiac arrhythmias) occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat do not work properly and make the heartbeat too fast, slow or irregular. Cardiac arrhythmias can give the impression of a heart that beats very fast and can be harmless. However, some cardiac arrhythmias can cause annoying signs and symptoms, sometimes even fatal. The treatment of cardiac arrhythmia can often control or eliminate rapid, slow or irregular heartbeats. In addition, because problematic cardiac arrhythmias are often aggravated, or even caused, by a weak or damaged heart, you may be able to reduce your risk of arrhythmia by adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle.

It has several types which are explained below:

  • Tachycardia: increase in heart rate
  • Bradycardia: Decrease in heart rate
  • Atrial flutter: irregular heart rate
  • Ventricular fibrillation: very fast and abnormal heart rate

Signs and Symptoms:  
There are several signs that explain this condition but these are based on the type of disease from which the patient is suffering. Common signs may include:

  • Palpitations
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling of tiredness
  • Loss of consciousness

Treatment Options:

There are several treatments that are suggested by the medical practitioners of this field which are commonly called cardiologists. These are totally based on the type of Arrhythmia.
These treatments may include:

  • Use of medications
  • Cardioversion or catheter ablation

Surgeries to insert pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

Symptoms of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

If you have abnormal heart rhythms, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Heart palpitations (a feeling of skipped heartbeats, fluttering, or "flip-flops")
  • Pounding heartbeat
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • Fainting
  • Breathing difficulty    
  • Pain or tightness in the chest
  • Weakness or exhaustion
  • Anxiety
  • hazy vision
  • Sweating
  • Arrhythmia might not show any symptom in some people

Causes of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Abnormal heart rhythms can be caused because of the following reasons:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Incorrect electrolyte balance (such as sodium or potassium) in blood
  • Heart damage or changes, such as decreased blood flow or stiff heart tissue
  • Following heart surgery
  • A few medications
  • Problems with heart's electrical signals
  • Emotional intensity, stress, or surprise
  • Alcohol, tobacco, or caffeine

Preventive Measures of Abnormal Heart Rhythms

The most effective way to avoid abnormal heart rhythms is to make lifestyle changes. You take the following preventive measures to prevent arrhythmia:

  • Consume plenty of fruits and vegetables, as well as fish and plant-based proteins
  • Saturated and trans fats should be avoided
  • Maintain a healthy level of cholesterol and blood pressure
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Regular exercise is important
  • Control stress and anxiety
  • Don't drink, smoke, or consume caffeine


The treatment for arrhythmia is determined by the cause. Your doctor may recommend the following treatments of severe abnormalities that do not improve with behavioral changes or medication:

  • Cardioversion
  • Catheter ablation
  • Pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator implantation
  • Heart Surgery

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