Angina - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Angina in Urdu

دل کو خون کی کمی ہوجانے کی وجہ سے سینے میں ہونے والے درد کو انجائنا کہا جاتا ہے۔ انجائنا کی علامات میں سینے کا درد، دبائو اور گھٹن شامل ہیں۔ اگر آپ کو انجائنا کی علامات محسوس ہوں تو فوری طور پر معالج سے رابطہ کریں۔ انجائنا دل کی دیگر بیماریوں کی علامت ہو سکتا ہے۔ 

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Dr. Naveed Ahmed Sheikh


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Dr. Gohar Saeed


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Summary about Angina in English

Angina is the name for chest pain that arises when there is diminished blood supply to the heart. Symptoms of angina also include feelings of squeezing and compression in the chest. It is also associated with heaviness, stabbing chest pain and tightness. Angina is alternatively called as angina pectoris as well. Because its symptoms are so overlapping with those of other discomforts and indigestion it can become difficult to recognize this disorder at first. However, anyone feeling unexplained heaviness, congestion, and pain in chest should seek medical attention promptly. Angina is a symptom of other heart diseases. So, getting a proper medical evaluation becomes essential. To find and consult the best cardiologists in any main city of Pakistan visit

Symptoms of Angina

The most prominent symptom of angina is chest pain. Other symptoms include:

  • Feeling of heaviness in chest
  • Chest congestion 
  • Unexplained sweating
  • Lightheadedness
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain behind the breastbone that can radiate to jaw, neck, and back

Causes of Angina

The main cause of angina is the reduction of blood flow to the heart muscle. Reduced blood flow means decreased oxygen supply which can result in ischemia. Blood flow reduction can be due to many reasons such as :

  • CAD
  • Physical activity 
  • Stress
  • Illegal drugs usage
  • Spasm of coronary artery

Risk Factors of Angina

Risk of angina increases for people who smoke and use illegal drugs. Family history along with chronic diseases like DM and hypertension also elevate the risk of this disease. Increase in age and weight also increase the risk factor for angina. Stress and lack of physical activity contribute to increasing your chances of having angina and so does increased cholesterol levels in the body.

Preventive Measures of Angina

If you want to stay safe from angina you should:

  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Reduce daily stress
  • Manage chronic conditions well
  • Get vaccinated for flu to avoid heart complications due to virus
  • Quit alcohol consumption and smoking
  • Eat a balanced healthy diet
  • Limit fat intake
  • Exercise on most days of the week

Types of Angina

There are different types of angina as listed below:

Stable Angina

This is the most common form of angina. It can occur to anyone under stress, or after strenuous physical activity. Stable angina can last for few minutes and subsides after you take rest. It is not a heart attack but it is a sign that you are at an increased risk of having one.

Unstable Angina

This type of angina can occur at rest and its symptoms are recurrent. It is an indication of a heart attack happening at any time soon. Consult your doctor right away to deal with it.

Prizmetal's Angina:

This is a rare form of angina that occurs at night or during sleep. Contraction and tightness of arteries involved in this ca lead to severe pain and discomfort. Getting it treated is necessary to avoid further damage. It is also called variant angina.

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