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Pericarditis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Pericarditis in Urdu

دل کے گرد موجود جھلی کی سوزش کو پیری کارڈائیٹائس کہا جاتا ہے۔ اس کی علامات میں سینے کا درد شامل ہے۔ یہ بیماری معمولی ہو تو از خود ٹھیک ہو سکتی ہے۔ اس کی تشخیص اور علاج نہ ہونے کی صورت میں یہ بیماری بگڑ سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Pericarditis in English

Pericarditis is inflammation and irritation of the pericardium, the thin membrane of the sac that surrounds the heart. Sometimes pericarditis caused the chest pain. Acute chest pain associated with pericarditis occurs when the irritated layers of the pericardium rub against each other. Pericarditis usually begins suddenly but does not last long (acute). If symptoms develop or persist gradually, pericarditis is considered chronic. Most cases are mild and tend to improve on their own. Treatment of more serious cases may include medications and rare surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment may help reduce the risk of long-term complications of pericarditis.

Symptoms of Pericarditis

Following are the symptoms of Pericarditis.

  • Chest pain behind the breast bone
  • Left shoulder, neck, and collar bone pain
  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Trouble breathing
  • Palpitations
  • Weakness and tiredness
  • Pounding or racing heartbeat
  • Abdominal or leg swelling

For other heart disease-related symptoms, you may see this segment.

Causes of Pericarditis

The causes for pericarditis is unknown, but the following conditions can be a contributor towards it;

  • Viral infections 
  • Respiratory or digestive system infection
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Sclerosis
  • Kidney failure
  • Chest injury
  • Heart attack
  • Heart surgery
  • Cancer
  • Tuberculosis (TB)

Preventive Measures of Pericarditis

It would be best if you took the following preventive measures to avoid or reduce this disease;

  • Telling your doctor early about the signs and symptoms mentioned above can be an excellent way to prevent the harmful consequences of this disease. 
  • Avoid major surgeries if there is no significant need.


Its treatment can be done in many ways according to which are

  • Anti-inflammatory medicines such as ibuprofen, colchicine, and aspirin 
  • Pericardiocentesis is a procedure used to insert the tube called a catheter in the pericardium to remove excess fluid 
  • The constrictive pericardium is done to remove the pericardium in case of the worst scenarios.

Who to Consult (Cardiologist)

Pericarditis treatment in other cities

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