Coronavirus - Symptoms, Cause, and Prevention

Summary about Coronavirus in Urdu

کورونا وائرس ایک خطرناک وائرس ہے جو فلو اور نظام تنفس کی مختلف بیماریوں کا باعث بنتا ہے۔ کورونا وائرس کئی اقسام پر مشتمل وائرس کا ایک خاندان ہے جو کہ عام نزلہ زکام کے علاوہ سارس اور مڈل ایسٹ ریسپائریٹری سنڈروم جیسی سنگین بیماریوں کابھی باعث بنتا ہے۔ موجودہ حالات میں دریافت ہونے والی کرونا وائرس کی یہ قسم انسانوں میں پہلی بار پائی گئی ہے۔ کورونا وائرس سے متاثرہ افراد میں سر درد، نزلہ، کھانسی، اور تھکن جیسی علامات سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔  اس کے ساتھ ساتھ سانس لینے میں دشواری ، نمونیا اورپھیپھڑوں کی ناکاری جیسی سنگین علامات بھی سامنے آ سکتی ہیں جو کہ جان لیوا ثابت ہو سکتی ہیں۔ ایسی کسی بھی علامت کی صورت میں  ڈاکٹر سے فوری رابطہ اور مشورہ ضروری ہے۔


اس وائرس سے بچائو کی تدابیر میں باقاعدگی سے بار بار ہاتھ دھونا، کھانستے اور چھینکتے وقت منہ ڈھکنا، اور اس وائرس کی علامات سے متاثر افراد سے دور رہنا شامل ہے۔ اس کے ساتھ ساتھ گوشت، انڈے اور حیوانی غذائوں کو خوب اچھی طرح پکا کر ہی استعمال کرنا ضروری ہے۔ یاد رکھیں ایک صحت مند مدافعتی نظام اس وائرس سے بچائو میں آپ کا اہم ترین ہتھیار ہے۔ اچھی غذا اور صحت بخش طرز زندگی کی مدد سے آپ اپنی قوت مدافعت کو بڑھا سکتے ہیں۔ وٹامن سی کا استعمال بھی قوت مدافعت میں اضافہ کرتا ہے۔ یہ خیال رکھنا بھی اہم ہے کہ وہ کون سے محرکات ہیں جن کی وجہ سے آپ کا مدافعتی ںظام کمزور پڑ سکتا ہے۔ سگریٹ نوشی، ذہنی دبائو، اور ناقص غذا کا استعمال قوت مدافعت میں کمی کا باعث بن سکتا ہے۔  


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Summary about Coronavirus in English

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an infection caused by a newly identified type of coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). For many years, there has been a family of coronaviruses that exists but now, the virus which is causing COVID-19 is a new virus with which the world is right now battling. Coronavirus outbreak, which began from Wuhan, China, was declared a global PANDEMIC by the World Health Organization (WHO) and almost more than 180 countries have been affected by this virus.

Coronavirus can cause an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat and can also cause a high fever. Coronavirus usually spreads in the same way other cold-causing viruses do; through the coughing and sneezing of infected people, touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things infected people have touched.

Since the current coronavirus is a novel coronavirus that is still being investigated and researched. WHO, doctors, scientists and researchers all around the globe are working to the best of their abilities to understand this virus and on how to counter it. The best way to keep yourself safe from this virus is PREVENTION!

In the times of Coronavirus, you don't have to panic but take precautionary measures. Coronavirus has a death rate of around 2% whereas the rest of all the 98% cases recover completely. The elderly people are at more risk or those who have pre-existing health ailments and thus they need to be more careful. Social distancing is the most important thing that you can do at this time for yourself and for others. You can save lives by staying at home. 

Symptoms of Coronavirus

The coronavirus symptoms are similar to upper respiratory infection. This includes:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Coughing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Sore throat
  • In severe cases, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome and even death.

These are symptoms that might seem like a common cold’s or due to the influenza virus. If you have these symptoms or any of them, it does not mean you definitely have the coronavirus. It may be some other infection similar to the coronavirus. Therefore, you should visit a doctor and consult him for a proper diagnosis.


Death from coronavirus is only due to negligence and lack of proper and timely treatment. Normally, if coronavirus is caught and diagnosed at an early stage and recommended with the proper medication, treatment plans, and precautions, then it is healed properly.

Causes of Coronavirus

 Coronavirus usually spreads in the same way other cold-causing viruses do. You can get coronavirus:

  • Through the coughing and sneezing of infected people.
  • Touching an infected person’s hands or face
  • By touching things infected people have touched.
  • Being in public spaces where there might be infected people or viruses may exist.
  • Not maintaining hand hygiene.
  • Not adopting social distancing. 

Risk Factors of Coronavirus

Risk factors for this disease include:

  • Dirty hands
  • Living or getting into contact with farm or wild animals
  • Being near sick people
  • Uncovered mouth and nose
  • Being in public spaces where there might be infected people or viruses may exist.
  • Not maintaining hand hygiene.
  • Not adopting social distancing. 

Preventive Measures of Coronavirus

The precautionary measures outlined by WHO for Coronavirus are as follows. We urge you all to follow these measure to keep yourself safe:

  • Wash your hands for 20 seconds after every 30 mins. 
  • Avoid unnecessary rubbing of your eyes, mouth, and nose
  • Maintain a distance from sick people and don't touch them.
  • Wear gloves and masks and especially when going out.
  • Use disinfectants and hand sanitizers.
  • Adopt social distancing and don't leave your houses unnecessarily.
  • Go for screening for Coronavirus and quarantine yourself if you notice any symptoms

Frequently Asked Questions

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly identified coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). For many years, there has been a family of coronaviruses that exists but now, the virus which is causing COVID-19 is a new virus with which the world is right now battling. Coronavirus outbreak, which began from Wuhan, China, was declared a global PANDEMIC by the World Health Organization (WHO) and almost more than 180 countries have been affected by this virus.

کورونا وائرس کئی اقسام پر مشتمل وائرس کا ایک خاندان ہے جو کہ عام نزلہ زکام کے علاوہ سارس اور مڈل ایسٹ ریسپائریٹری سنڈروم جیسی سنگین بیماریوں کابھی باعث بنتا ہے۔ موجودہ حالات میں دریافت ہونے والی کرونا وائرس کی یہ قسم انسانوں میں پہلی بار پائی گئی ہے۔ کورونا وائرس سے متاثرہ افراد میں سر درد، نزلہ، کھانسی، اور تھکن جیسی علامات سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔  اس کے ساتھ ساتھ سانس لینے میں دشواری ، نمونیا اورپھیپھڑوں کی ناکاری جیسی سنگین علامات بھی سامنے آ سکتی ہیں جو کہ جان لیوا ثابت ہو سکتی ہیں۔ ایسی کسی بھی علامت کی صورت میں  ڈاکٹر سے فوری رابطہ اور مشورہ ضروری ہے۔

The answer to wherefrom coronavirus originated is still being investigated. The Coronavirus usually spreads in the same way as the other cold-causing viruses do; through the coughing and sneezing of infected people, touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things infected people have touched.

  • Dirty hands
  • Living or getting into contact with farm or wild animals
  • Being near sick people
  • Uncovered mouth and nose
  • Uncooked or raw meat and cooks
  • Wash your hands for 20 seconds after every 30 mins. 
  • Avoid unnecessary rubbing of your eyes, mouth, and nose
  • Maintain a distance from sick people and don't touch them.
  • Wear gloves and masks and especially when going out.
  • Use disinfectants and hand sanitizers.
  • Adopt social distancing and don't leave your houses unnecessarily.
  • Go for screening for Coronavirus and quarantine yourself if you notice any symptoms

The Coronavirus usually spreads in the same way as the other cold-causing viruses do; through the coughing and sneezing of infected people, touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things infected people have touched.

Coronavirus is diagnosed by the doctor with the help of several tests on respiratory specimens and serum. 

General physician.

2-14 days

Pakistan has 900 cases of right now (subject to change with passing time)

According to the WHO, the basic signs of coronavirus infection are:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Coughing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Sore throat
  • In severe cases, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome and even death.

If you notice any of these symptoms, it is MANDATORY that you consult a doctor and identify if you need to go for testing of coronavirus. You might be having these symptoms but it's a possibility that it may not be coronavirus, it may be any other infection such as a common cold’s or any other virus thus, consulting a doctor is very important in case you notice any symptoms.

Death from coronavirus is only due to negligence and lack of proper and timely treatment. Normally, if coronavirus is caught and diagnosed at an early stage and recommended with the proper medication, treatment plans, and precautions, then it is healed properly.

Doctors for Coronavirus in Different Cities