Tetanus - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Tetanus in Urdu

یہ ایک بیکٹیریا کیوجہ سے ہونے سنگین بیماری ہے جس سے آپ کے اعصابی نظام پر حملہ ہوتا ہے ۔ پٹھوں کے کھچائو، خاص طور پر جبڑے میں موجود پٹھے متاثر ہو سکتے ہیں. ٹیٹوس تنفس کی سرگرمی کو متاثر کر سکتا ہے اور زندگی کو سنگین خطرے کا باعث بن سکتا ہے.

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Summary about Tetanus in English

Tetanus is a serious bacterial disease that attacks your nervous system and causes painful muscle spasms, especially in the jaw and muscles of the neck. Tetanus can affect respiratory activity and threaten life. Tetanus is commonly referred to as "lockjaw". Due to the tetanus vaccine, tetanus cases are reduced in the United States and other developed countries. However, this disease still poses a threat to people who do not have undergone vaccinations and are more common in developing countries. There is no tetanus treatment. The treatment focuses on the management of complications until tetanus stops.

 It is mostly identified by following signs

  • The stiffness of the neck and abdominal muscles
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Painful body spasms lasting for several minutes

Usually, this infectious disorder is treated with the help of antibiotics and antitoxin. To find and consult a good doctor for tetanus treatment log on to marham.pk.

Symptoms of Tetanus

Signs and symptoms of tetanus occur at any time, from a few days to several weeks after the tetanus bacteria enter the body as a result of the injury. The average incubation period is seven to ten days.

Common tetanus symptoms are:

  • Muscle cramps and stiffness (trismus)

  • The stiffness of the neck muscles

  • Difficulty swallowing

  • Stiffness of the abdominal muscles

  • Painful body cramps lasting several minutes, usually caused by minor events such as drafts, loud noises, physical contact or light

Other possible symptoms are:

  • fever

  • sweat

  • High blood pressure

  • Fast heart rate

Spores of Clostridium tetani tetanus bacteria are found in soil, dust and animal excrement. 

Causes of Tetanus

Tetanus is caused by bacteria Clostridium found in soil, saliva, dust, and manure. The toxin of these bacteria can cause muscle stiffness and spasms, the main symptoms of tetanus. Almost all cases of tetanus occur in people who have never been vaccinated, or in adults who have missed the booster after 10 years.

Risk Factors of Tetanus

The following factors increase the chances of getting tetanus:


  • You did not get vaccinated

  • Trauma that leaves tetanus spores in the wound

  • A foreign body, such as a nail

Tetanus can also develop due to:

  • Sting injuries - including shards, earrings, tattoos, and injection medication

  • Wounds on crutches

  • Complex fractures

  • Burns

  • Surgical wounds

  • Injecting drugs

  • Bites from animals or insects

  • Foot Infections

  • Dental infections

  • Infected umbilical cord in newborns of poorly vaccinated mothers

Preventive Measures of Tetanus

You can easily prevent tetanus by inoculation. This vaccine provides protection against three diseases: throat and respiratory infection (diphtheria), pertussis (pertussis) and tetanus.

The tetanus vaccine is usually combined with a diphtheria vaccine (Td) enhancer. In 2005, the Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis (Tdap) vaccine was approved for adolescents and adults under the age of 65 to provide constant protection. Adults are recommended to receive a dose preferably every 10 years. If you travel abroad, especially to a developing country where tetanus is common, make sure your immunity is up to date. To stay up to date on all vaccinations, ask your doctor to check your vaccination status regularly. If you have not been vaccinated against tetanus as a child, talk to your doctor about how to get vaccinated.

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