Cholera - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Cholera in Urdu

بیکٹیریا کے ذریعے پھیلنے والی اs بیماری کو کولرا کے طور پر جاناجاتا ہے۔ یہ آلودگی والے پانی کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ ٹیکنالوجی میں ترقی اور ترقی یافتہ ممالک میں اس بیماری کے امکانات کم ہیں۔. کولرا کے امکانات غربت، جنگ اور انتہائی آبادی والے علاقوں میں ؎ مناسب حفظان صحت کے نہ ہونے سے بڑھ رہے ہیں.


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Dr. Pawan Kumar

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Summary about Cholera in English

Cholera is a bacterial disease that can be acquired by the intake of contaminated food or water. In developed countries, efficient water and sewerage systems have eradicated this problem. Underdeveloped countries are still facing cholera outbreaks. It is most common in neighborhoods with poor sanitation and hygiene. Africa, South Asia, and Latin America are still facing this disease. Anyone traveling to these areas needs to be careful and well informed in case of breakouts. Cholera leads to severe watery diarrhea which if left untreated can cause severe dehydration and even death. Bacteria responsible for this infection is called Vibrio cholerae.  

Symptoms of Cholera

Symptoms of cholera are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration 
  • Eyes sink in 
  • xerostomia
  • Dry skin
  • Decreased urination 
  • Muscle cramps 
  • Shock 
  • Seizures

Causes of Cholera

This is caused by bacteria called Vibrio cholerae. It can be transmitted by infected water. This usually results due to overcrowding of living places and poor sanitation systems.

Risk Factors of Cholera

Risk factors for cholers are:

  • Living in places with poor sanitation 
  • Traveling to areas of outbreak
  • Improper self-hygiene

Preventive Measures of Cholera

Adopting good hygiene practices, drinking bottled or purified water, and avoid traveling to areas wit outbreak can help to prevent cholera. Recently a vaccine has also been introduced to prevent cholera. 

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