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Hepatitis B And c - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Hepatitis B And C in Urdu

ہیپاٹائٹس جگر کی سوزش والی کیفیت ہے۔ ہیپاٹائٹس کسی وائرس کی وجہ سے ہوسکتا ہے ، جیسے ہیپاٹائٹس بی اور سی۔ ہیپاٹائٹس بی اور سی دونوں انفیکشن مختصر اور طویل مدتی اثرات کا سبب بن سکتے ہیں۔ تاہم ، ہیپاٹائٹس سی کا زیادہ سے زیادہ دائمی حالت میں تبدیل ہونے کا امکان زیادہ سے زیادہ ہیپاٹائٹس بی کے مقابلے میں ہوتا ہے۔ ایک شخص جسمانی سیالوں کے ذریعے ہیپاٹائٹس بی منتقل کرسکتا ہے ، جبکہ ہیپاٹائٹس سی کی ترسیل عام طور پر صرف خون سے خون میں اختلاط کے ذریعہ ہوتا ہے۔

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Summary about Hepatitis B And C in English

Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. Hepatitis can be caused by a virus, like Hepatitis B and C. Both hepatitis B and C infections can cause short- and long-term effects. However, hepatitis C is more likely to turn into a chronic condition than hepatitis B. A person can transmit hepatitis B through bodily fluids, while the transmission of hepatitis C usually only occurs through blood-to-blood contact.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B And C

  • fever
  • joint pain
  • fatigue
  • nausea
  • loss of appetite
  • vomiting
  • abdominal pain

Causes of Hepatitis B And C

Hepatitis B is caused by hepatitis B Virus HBV

Hepatitis C is caused by hepatitis C Virus HCV

Risk Factors of Hepatitis B And C

Risk factors for Hepatitis B;

  • Have unprotected sex with multiple sex partners or with someone who's infected with HBV.
  • Share needles during IV drug use.
  • Are a man who has sex with other men.
  • Live with someone who has a chronic HBV infection.
  • an infant born to an infected mother.

Risk Factors for Hepatitis C;

  • Are a health care worker who has been exposed to infected blood, which may happen if an infected needle pierces your skin
  • Have ever injected or inhaled illicit drugs
  • Have HIV
  • Received a piercing or tattoo in an unclean environment using unsterile equipment
  • Received a blood transfusion or organ transplant 
  • Received clotting factor concentrates 
  • Received hemodialysis treatments for a long period of time
  • Were born to a woman with a hepatitis C infection
  • Were ever in prison

Preventive Measures of Hepatitis B And C

 Avoid these circumstances;

  • Blood transfusions and blood products using unscreened blood 
  • Medical or dental interventions without adequate sterilization of equipment
  • Mother to infant during childbirth (very common in hepatitis B; less common in hepatitis C)
  • Needlestick injury in healthcare settings
  • Sharing equipment for injecting drugs
  • Sharing straws, notes, etc. for snorting drugs
  • Sharing razors, toothbrushes, or other household articles
  • Tattooing and body piercing if done using unsterilized equipment

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