اب بیماری سے تقریبا ہر کوئی ہی اپنی زندگی میں ایک بار ضرور متاثر ہوتا ہے۔ یہ گول ذخم ہوتے ہیں جن کی بائونڈری سرمئی رنگ کی ہو سکتی ہے۔ یہ عموما ایک ہفتے میں ٹھیک ہو جاتے ہیں۔
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The proper term used for this condition in medical circles is ‘aphthous ulcers’. Moreover, canker sores are also known as mouth ulcers. These occur in the mouth’s inner lining. In the initial stages, canker sores appear as whitish ulcers with a red area around them and are typically quite small. However, they graduate to a much bigger size. These sores, or ulcers, could make eating problematic and talking difficult and could cause a reasonable amount of pain.
The pain experienced when the person has canker sores is localized around the sore itself, which is easily irritable. This could make the person tired and constantly irritated and wary of having the sores.
Canker sores can be identified and felt in the following ways:
There could appear further symptoms if the case is sever. For example, the person might feel very lazy and have a noticeable fever.
Experts still have not identified the exact causes behind canker sores and this identification is made even harder by the fact that people who do have canker sores usually show no signs of any other potentially causal problem.
While both environmental and genetic factors are suggested, experts have not yet clarified the exact contributions or causes. Nevertheless, there are a few factors that experts have suggested that could cause the outbreaks in people who are already vulnerable. These factors include any injury to the mouth, the hormonal fluctuations experienced during the menstrual cycle. Stress-filled life and initially giving up smoking could also cause the condition to show up.
Other than that, ironic or Vitamin deficiency (especially B12) is also linked to canker sore outbreak. Doctors have also identified certain toothpastes and drugs that could play a contributory role.
Canker sores can occur in anyone; however, they are more common in teenagers and females. Many times, those who have canker sores usually have multiple members in the family that suffer from this condition as well. So, this fact means that heredity along with certain environmental factors could also play an important role in a person’s vulnerability to canker sores.
The question of what can be done to prevent canker sores in the first place has no clear answer. As to how canker sores could be prevented, there is no clear-cut answer as the causes are yet to be properly pinpointed. One could still aim at the risk factors in order to avoid the outbreak or at least the condition from worsening.
One could prevent canker sore symptoms or at least lessen their severity by avoiding spicy and/or sticky foods, or those foods that could stick inside the mouth, like chips. One could also stay away from toothbrushes that have hard bristles or from brushing their teeth so hard that they make a traumatizing contact with the sores.
Experts have categorized canker sores along three separate groups.