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Cough/کھانسی - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Cough in Urdu

گلے میں کسی بھی وجہ سے پیدا پونے والی خراش کو جسم کھانسی کے ذریعے سے اس کا سدباب کرنے کی کوشش کرتا ہے۔ کھانسی جسم کا قدرتی ردعمل ہے۔ عام کھانسی صحت مند مدافعتی نظام کی نشانی ہے جب کہ کھانسی کا زیادہ دیر تک رہنا یا اس کے ساتھ خون آنا پریشانی کی علامت ہے۔ ایسی صورت میں فوری طور پر معالج سے رابطہ ضروری ہے۔

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Summary about Cough in English

Cough is one of the many reflex actions of our body. This helps to clear the throat of irritants and excess mucus. Many health conditions can lead to cough as a symptom. Usually, it gets better with 2-3 weeks but if there are symptoms like bloody sputum and barking sound then you should consult your physician. To find the best doctors for Cough in Pakistan visit marham.pk.

Symptoms of Cough

Several symptoms can accompany a chronic cough these include:

  • Runny or stuffed nose
  • Postnasal drip 
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Sore throat 
  • Bad taste in the mouth

Causes of Cough

There are a number of conditions that can cause a temporary or permanent cough. Such as:

  • Cough can be for clearing throat of excess mucus and fluids plus irritants. This can also be as a result of exposure to irritants like smoke and dirt.
  • Viruses and bacteria account for most cases of cough. These can cause sore throat, cold and flu and hence accompanying cough. 
  • People who smoke are also bound to experience cough episodes due to smoking.
  • Asthma is a leading cause of cough in children. It can also wheezing sound, which is a characteristic symptom of asthmatic cough.

Risk Factors of Cough

Risk factors for cough include:

  • Smoking 
  • Allergies 
  • Lung disorders
  • Environmental conditions 
  • Female gender

Preventive Measures of Cough

You can prevent a cough by:

  • Staying hydrated
  • Consuming hot drinks
  • Keeping the environment clean 
  • Avoiding exposure to irritants
  • Getting vaccinated against flu
  • Using lozenges 
  • treating flu and sore throat on time 
  • Managing asthma well

Types of Cough

Cough can be of three types depending upon the time period it lasts for. these are:
Acute Cough

A cough that lasts for a period of fewer than three weeks is termed an acute cough.

Subacute Cough 

A cough that gets better by the end of time between 3-8 weeks is a subacute cough.

Chronic Cough

A Cough lasting for more than 8 weeks is a chronic cough.

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