Department of ENT

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What is ENT?

ENT is the specialty of medicine which deals with ear, nose and throat problems, ranging from their diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Furthermore, they are also specialized in dealing with the ENT-related conditions of the head and neck.

What are the Doctors of ENT called?

ENT doctors are also known as Otologists/ENT Physicians. Most of these ENT specialists have specialized in any of the following sub-specialty:

  1. Pediatric Otolaryngology (ENT problems in children)
  2. Otology/Neurotology/audiology (Ears, balance, and tinnitus)
  3. Allergy
  4. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery
  5. Head and neck surgery (Tumors of the head and neck)
  6. Laryngology (Throat, voice, and swallowing)
  7. Rhinology (Nose and sinus cavity)

Moreover, if these doctors go on to acquire additional training in the medical and surgical management of common ENT problems including dizziness, ear tumors or hearing loss, then they are referred to as Otolaryngologist/ENT Surgeons.

When Is It Time To See An ENT?

You will need to book an appointment with an ENT as soon as you detect any of the following signs or symptoms related to ear, nose or throat appear:


Ear disorder or condition including:

  1. Hearing impairment
  2. Ear infections
  3. Disorders affecting balance
  4. Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  5. Pain in ear
  6. Congenital disorders of the ear (diseases/ disorders you are born with)


  1. Changes in the in smelling, breathing or physical appearance of the nose.
  2. Sinuses
  3. Nasal cavity blockage.


Disorders or conditions affecting:

  1. Singing
  2. Eating
  3. Swallowing
  4. Digestion

All in all, the following signs and symptoms should prompt you to book an appointment instantly with an ENT specialist and have yourself thoroughly checked up:

  1. Injury to your ears, nose, or throat
  2. Nerve problems in your ears, nose, or throat
  3. Balance problems
  4. Dizziness
  5. Hearing impairment
  6. Ear infection
  7. Tonsil or adenoid infection
  8. Swimmer’s ear
  9. Pain in your ears, nose, or throat
  10. Tinnitus
  11. Ear, nose, or throat birth defects
  12. Breathing problems
  13. Down’s syndrome
  14. Asthma
  15. Allergy
  16. Sinus problem
  17. Growth or tumor in your ears, nose, or throat
  18. Deviated septum
  19. Undesired appearance of the nose or face
  20. Cleft palate
  21. Drooping of the eyelids
  22. Hair loss
  23. Nose bleeds
  24. Nasal congestion
  25. Problems with smell
  26. Voice or swallowing problems
  27. Sore throat
  28. Hoarseness
  29. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

What do the ENT treat?

The additional list of medical conditions and disorders that ENT specialists treat include:

  1. Adenoiditis
  2. Airway Stenosis
  3. Allergic Rhinitis
  4. Chronic Ear Disease
  5. Chronic Tonsillitis
  6. Cleft Palate/Cleft Lip
  7. Complex Airway Diseases (choanal atresia, airway tumors, masses)
  8. Ear Infections (otitis media) or Ear Tubes
  9. Facial Paralysis
  10. Feeding and Swallowing Disorders
  11. Food Allergies
  12. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  13. Head and Neck Masses
  14. Hearing Loss & Impairment
  15. Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR)
  16. Laryngomalacia
  17. Lymphatic Malformations
  18. Nasal Deformities
  19. Nasal Obstruction
  20. Salivary Disease
  21. Sinus Disease
  22. Sleep Apnea
  23. Speech Disorders
  24. Stridor
  25. Thyroid Conditions
  26. Tongue Tie (Ankyloglossia)
  27. Tracheomalacia
  28. Vascular Malformations

Now you can find best Otologists/ENT Physicians near you in all major cities of Pakistan.

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