Department of MATERNAL FETAL MEDICINE

WHAT is MATERNAL FETAL MEDICINE?

It is a sub-specialty of obstetrics which focuses on the treatment & diagnosis of expectant mothers and their developing babies. Women are commonly referred to a maternal-fetal medicine specialist by their obstetrician or sometimes by an infertility specialist as they notice a probability for a pregnancy-related health concern or because they are at high risk for problems throughout their pregnancies. Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialist optimizes fetal well-being, educate and support families and provide hope to every patient.

WHAT DOES A MATERNAL FETAL MEDICINE SPECIALIST DO?

With the additional years of their training, MFM specialist, take care of an expectant mother who has illnesses that may include, diabetes, heart disease & hypertension. They are also experts to optimize care & pregnancy outcomes with new treatments & diagnostic tools. According to current practices & technological advancement, obstetric ultrasonography has coup the board of pregnancy by providing a dormer into the womb and permits the identification of previously unknown problems in the fetus. Maternal-fetal medicine, which is the specialty linked to the prenatal genetic diagnosis, has evolved rapidly & the application of knowledge from this square requires a progressively in-depth understanding. This is getting even more exciting & challenging because it has been the prospect to perform procedures directly on the developing infant to avoid any further complications & chances of survival following birth & to administer the ways to evaluate and care for pregnant mother and their fetuses. Additionally, they provide a full range of diagnostic and consultative services, including pre-conception counseling, genetic counseling, genetic amniocentesis, prenatal diagnosis, chronic villus sampling, ultrasound scanning and all antenatal testing.

WHAT IS A HIGH-RISK PREGNANCY?

In a high-risk pregnancy, certain conditions may put the expectant woman or her developing infant or both at a raised risk for mishaps or complications during or after pregnancy and birth.

HIGH-RISK PREGNANCY CONDITIONS INCLUDE:

* Hepatitis C

* Diabetes

* HIV

* Obesity

* Seizures

* Preterm labor

* Cancer

* Multiple miscarriages

* Infants born small for gestational age

* Lupus

* Epilepsy

* A genetic issue for the baby, such as Down syndrome, King Edward Syndrome etc.

WHAT ARE THE COMMON FETAL ILLNESSES ADMINISTERED BY MATERNAL FETAL SPECIALISTS?

Numerous fetal diseases and abnormalities are managed by Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialists. These include structural disfigurements (birth defects), genetic syndromes, chromosomal abnormalities, cardiac arrhythmias, congenital infections, blood disorders, and intrauterine growth abnormalities. An MFM specialist is specially trained in diagnostic ultrasound and plays an important role in screening for fetal birth defects and chromosome abnormalities. For excellent care, certain birth defects, such as neural tube defects, which are called ‘Spina bifida’ and other congenital heart defects, require a multi-disciplinary approach. Pregnancies, which are complicated by fetal illnesses, may involve a particular care that can include fetal interventions, testing and determining the set-up and track of delivery to optimize neonatal consequences.

WHEN SHOULD AN EXPECTANT MOTHER SEE A MFM SPECIALIST?

Before pregnancy, MFM specialists can help a woman think about and prepare herself for the risks of pregnancy, especially when the patient has medical conditions such as hypertension or diabetes. Similarly, if a woman has had a poor pregnancy experience before, consultation can be helpful in planning for the subsequent gestation.

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