Department of Oncology

What is Oncology?

The oncology is the field that deals with the study and treatment of tumours or cancers.

What are the Doctors of Oncology called?

An oncologist is the name of the doctor who deals with the treatment of cancers. There are various types of oncologists: A medical oncologist is the one who treats cancer through chemotherapy or medications. A surgical oncologist removes the tumour from the region of the body where it resides and the nearby tissue during an operation. They are also specialized to perform biopsies of the tissues suspected of containing tumours. Lastly, a radiation oncologist treats cancer through radiation therapy.

Moreover, a gynecologic oncologist treats gynecologic cancers including uterine cancer or cervical cancer. A pediatric oncologist treats cancer present in children. A hematologist oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers which may include leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.

When Is It Time To See An Oncologist?

Although the signs and symptoms may seem familiar to a lot of less-worrying diseases however, anyone who undergoes the following changes must get a full body check-up done to cross-off cancer from their list of illnesses:

  1. Unexplained weight loss
  2. Fever
  3. Fatigue
  4. Pain
  5. Skin changes (darker looking skin, yellowish skin and eyes, reddened skin, itching, excessive hair growth)
  6. Change in bowel habits or bladder function
  7. Sores that do not heat
  8. White patches inside the mouth
  9. White spots on the tongue
  10. Unusual bleeding or discharge
  11. Thickening or lump in the breast or other parts of the body
  12. Indigestion or trouble swelling
  13. Recent change in a wart or mole or any new skin change
  14. Nagging cough or hoarseness

 

What do the Oncologist treat?

  1. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
  2. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
  3. Adolescents, Cancer in
  4. Adrenocortical Carcinoma
  5. AIDS-Related Cancers
  6. Kaposi Sarcoma
  7. AIDS-Related Lymphoma
  8. Primary CNS Lymphoma
  9. Anal Cancer
  10. Appendix Cancer
  11. Astrocytomas,
  12. Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor
  13. Basal Cell Carcinoma
  14. Bile Duct Cancer, Extrahepatic
  15. Bladder Cancer
  16. Bone Cancer (includes Ewing Sarcoma and Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma)
  17. Brain Tumors
  18. Breast Cancer
  19. Bronchial Tumors
  20. Burkitt Lymphoma (Non-Hodgkin)
  21. Carcinoid Tumor (Gastrointestinal)
  22. Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
  23. Cardiac (Heart) Tumors
  24. Central Nervous System
  25. Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor,
  26. Embryonal Tumors,
  27. Germ Cell Tumors,
  28. Lymphoma, Primary
  29. Cervical Cancer
  30. Childhood Cancers
  31. Cholangiocarcinoma
  32. Chordoma
  33. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
  34. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
  35. Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
  36. Colorectal Cancer
  37. Craniopharyngioma,
  38. Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
  39. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)
  40. Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System,
  41. Endometrial Cancer
  42. Ependymoma,
  43. Esophageal
  44. Esthesioneuroblastoma
  45. Ewing Sarcoma
  46. Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor
  47. Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor
  48. Eye Cancer
  49. Intraocular Melanoma
  50. Retinoblastoma
  51. Fallopian Tube Cancer
  52. Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone, Malignant, and Osteosarcoma
  53. Gallbladder Cancer
  54. Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
  55. Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
  56. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST)
  57. Germ Cell Tumors
  58. Central Nervous System,
  59. Extracranial
  60. Extragonadal
  61. Ovarian
  62. Testicular
  63. Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
  64. Gliomas
  65. Hairy Cell Leukemia
  66. Head and Neck Cancer
  67. Heart Tumors
  68. Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer
  69. Histiocytosis, Langerhans Cell
  70. Hodgkin Lymphoma
  71. Hypopharyngeal Cancer
  72. Intraocular Melanoma
  73. Islet Cell Tumors, Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
  74. Kaposi Sarcoma
  75. Kidney
  76. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
  77. Laryngeal Cancer
  78. Laryngeal Cancer and Papillomatosis
  79. Leukemia
  80. Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
  81. Liver Cancer (Primary)
  82. Lung Cancer
  83. Lymphoma
  84. Male Breast Cancer
  85. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma
  86. Melanoma
  87. Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye)
  88. Merkel Cell Carcinoma
  89. Mesothelioma, Malignant
  90. Metastatic Cancer
  91. Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary
  92. Midline Tract Carcinoma Involving NUT Gene
  93. Mouth Cancer
  94. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes
  95. Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasms
  96. Mycosis Fungoides
  97. Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms and Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
  98. Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic (CML)
  99. Myeloid Leukemia, Acute (AML)
  100. Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
  101. Nasopharyngeal Cancer
  102. Neuroblastoma
  103. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  104. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  105. Oral Cancer, Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer and Oropharyngeal Cancer
  106. Oral Cavity Cancer
  107. Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
  108. Ovarian Cancer
  109. Pancreatic Cancer and Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors)
  110. Paraganglioma
  111. Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer
  112. Parathyroid Cancer
  113. Penile Cancer
  114. Pharyngeal Cancer
  115. Pheochromocytoma
  116. Pituitary Tumor
  117. Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma
  118. Pleuropulmonary Blastoma
  119. Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
  120. Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Lymphoma
  121. Primary Peritoneal Cancer
  122. Prostate Cancer
  123. Rectal Cancer
  124. Recurrent Cancer
  125. Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
  126. Retinoblastoma
  127. Rhabdomyosarcoma
  128. Salivary Gland Cancer
  129. Salivary Gland Tumors
  130. Sarcoma
  131. Ewing Sarcoma
  132. Kaposi Sarcoma
  133. Osteosarcoma
  134. Rhabdomyosarcoma
  135. Uterine Sarcoma
  136. Vascular Tumors
  137. Sézary Syndrome
  138. Skin Cancer
  139. Small Cell Lung Cancer
  140. Small Intestine Cancer
  141. Soft Tissue Sarcoma
  142. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  143. Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult
  144. Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
  145. T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous
  146. Testicular Cancer
  147. Throat Cancer
  148. Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
  149. Thyroid Cancer
  150. Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
  151. Unknown Primary, Carcinoma
  152. Unusual Cancers of Childhood
  153. Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer
  154. Urethral Cancer
  155. Uterine Cancer, Endometrial and Uterine Sarcoma
  156. Vaginal Cancer
  157. Vascular Tumors
  158. Vulvar Cancer
  159. Waldenström Macroglobulinemia – see Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  160. Wilms Tumor

 

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