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In 1994, the American Dietetic Association introduced the term “medical nutrition therapy” to better articulate the nutrition therapy process in the management of Diabetes. It is defined as the use of specific nutrition services to treat an illness, injury, or condition and involves two phases: 1) assessment of the nutritional status of the client and 2) treatment, which includes nutrition therapy, counseling, and the use of specialized nutrition supplements. The four steps approach is necessary to assist patients in acquiring and maintaining the knowledge, skills, attitudes, behaviors, and commitment to successfully meet the challenges of daily diabetes self-management which includes:
- adherence to prescribed meal and snack plan
- adjustment of insulin dose in response to meal size
- prompt treatment of hyperglycemia
- avoidance of overtreatment of hypoglycemia
This focus on nutritional treatment is both economical and easy for patients to handle. The first step towards this approach would be to Make Your Calories Count by developing the attitude of thinking about nutrient-rich foods rather than good or bad foods. Vitamins, minerals, fiber, and other nutrients, should make the major chunk of your diet and you should aim towards low calories. Making smart food choices can help you stay healthy, manage your weight and be physically active.
Next, you need to focus on Variety. Eat a variety of foods from all the food groups to get the nutrients your body needs. Fruits and vegetables can be fresh, frozen or canned. Eat more dark green vegetables such as leafy greens and broccoli and orange vegetables including carrots and sweet potatoes. Vary your protein choices with more fish, beans and peas. Eat at least 3 ounces of whole-grain cereals, bread, crackers, rice or pasta every day.
And lastly, Know Your Fats. Look for foods low in saturated fats and trans-fats to help reduce your risk of heart disease. Most of the fats you eat should be monounsaturated and polyunsaturated oils.
Controlling the diseases is possible, you need to consult with best endocrinologists in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad or main cities of Pakistan and get yourself properly evaluated on a regular basis.