Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in the circulatory system. The pressure depends on the heart and the rate at which the blood flows in correlation with the tangibility of the arteries. Hypertension or high blood pressure is when the flow of blood increases in the artery walls for a long time, it can have adverse effects on the heart, kidney, brain and other vital organs. Some people have a permanent problem of high blood pressure, for which they take medication. The normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 and less than 140 over 90, above this is considered as high blood pressure.
There are few cautionary measures discussed below, but if someone has a prior medical condition, they should consult a doctor;
1. No smoking
In cigarettes, nicotine is the main culprit in increasing the heart rate and blood flow. Nicotine also makes the artery walls rigid and narrows it down, causing the blood pressure to increase. When a person continues smoking, it increases the heart rate and increases the chances of heart attack or other harmful events. Hence, quite smoking as soon as possible, the excess of nicotine and cause serious problems.
2. No saturated fats
Saturated fats are very dangerous for the body; it has cholesterol in it. Cholesterol clouds the arteries and narrows the path of blood to flow, which increases the blood pressure. The increased blood pressure causes stress to the heart and increases the risk of heart attack. High blood pressure can cause many other diseases. By eating healthy and unsaturated fats, the person can avoid the clustering in the arteries.
3. Decrease salt
Salt increases the level of sodium in the blood, which clusters in the vessels. The salt then makes it difficult for the kidney to remove water frequently. Due to the stress on the vessels because of the sodium clustering, increases the blood pressure. The increased blood pressure then also affects the heart and the kidney. Hence, decrease salt from the diet to improve the blood flow and reduce the stress level on the kidneys.
4. Physical activities
Due to the lack of exercise, the body starts to accumulate fats; this fat starts to settle in the blood vessels and other critical areas. The interruption in blood flow induces heart diseases and other serious issues. The physical activity like going to the gym or doing cardio maintains a balance in the blood flow. Cardio is good for the heart and keeps the heart healthy for a long time.
5. Reduce caffeine
Caffeine addiction can be very damaging for the person who is experiencing it. The intake of caffeine becomes very dangerous if taken extensively. The caffeine increases the blood flow in the blood vessels, which increases the blood pressure, and gives the body a substantial boost. Sometimes, it is not good for the heart and other vital organs. It is important to monitor the caffeine intake and maintain their blood pressure. For the people who have a problem with high blood pressure, they should avoid the use of caffeine.
6. Avoid stress
Stress has an adverse impact on the human body. The people with chronic depression can cause serious stress to the body. Stress increases the blood flow in the body, and it causes the heart rate to increase. The heart is a very delicate and vital organ which gets damaged due to the irregular blood flow. Hence, it is important to find ways to avoid stress, if not, then to manage it on time.
7. Regular check-ups
In some cultures, it is not a customary to have a regular check-up session. But, it is critical to keep your body in check, time to time. If a problem is detected in time, it can easily be treated. Blood pressure can be dealt with before it gets serious and damages the vital organs. It is better to develop the habit of going to doctors for regular check-ups. The check-ups can be 6 months apart, but it is fine to go to the doctor without any reason to keep the health status updated.