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The most common cause of female infertility – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common and widespread reproductive issues prevalent in women. It results in hormonal imbalance in women of reproductive age and is characterized by high levels of androgens (male hormones) in the female body.
According to research, 1 in every 8 women suffers from PCOS in Pakistan. The condition is typically characterized by high levels of testosterone, ovarian cysts, irregular menstrual cycles, and problems regulating sugar, but the causes have long been a mystery.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects women. When you have PCOS, the production process of hormones alters and they get out of balance which results in more androgens (male sex hormone) and that is when the symptoms of PCOS start to appear. Most women don’t know how to diagnose PCOS and try to manage it with natural methods. PCOS is a serious condition as getting pregnant with it is really hard and if PCOS is left uncontrolled and not dealt with properly, it can lead to diabetes, cardiac diseases, obesity, high blood pressure and infertility.
Symptoms of PCOS:
The common symptoms take occur in PCOS are as follows. If you notice any of these symptoms, you can also book an appointment with the best gynecologist in Karachi or any other city of Pakistan via marham.pk.
- Difficulty in getting pregnant or conceiving
- Facial hair
- Ovarian cysts
- Blood sugar imbalances/insulin issues
- Absent or highly irregular menstrual cycles
- Excessive Weight gain
Cause of PCOS:
The exact cause of PCOS over the years was considered to be unknown. There aren’t any specific tests to diagnose PCOS and also there is no cure for this problem yet. However, the researchers at the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research found the PCOS could be caused by the fetus being overexposed to a hormone known as anti-Mullerian (AMH). It was found out that pregnant women with PCOS have 30 percent higher levels of anti-Müllerian hormone than normal. Thus the PCOS may be triggered even before birth by excess exposure in the womb to the AMH hormone.
AMH levels decline with age, usually signaling reduced fertility and it explains why women with the PCOS seem to get pregnant more easily in their late 30s and early 40s. There is no complete cure for PCOS yet and it leads to many problems such as difficulty in getting pregnant, menstrual issues, excessive hair on the body, however, it’s a problem that can be controlled and managed if you make changes to lifestyle.
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