Heart Attack First Aid; 6 Ways To Save A Life

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Nothing compares to the pain of losing someone you dearly love. You would go to the ends of the earth to spend just a moment more with the ones you love. Only if you could do something to help them. Well, in some cases you can. Not every disease or attack promises death. If catered on time, even fatal diseases can be cured. Similarly, life taking attacks can be fought, through simple first aid diseases. Here is a guide for you to give heart attack first aid and save as many lives as possible.

Sudden Cardiac Death is the leading cause of death across the globe. It is the death caused by a sudden and unexpected abnormality in the heart rhythm. This can happen in people with preexisting heart disease and people with no history of heart disease at all. Keep in mind that this is different than a heart attack, but it can occur during a heart attack.

A heart attack is characterized by the blockage in one or more arteries in the heart. The heart does not receive enough oxygen and the muscle is damaged. The commonality between these two conditions is that both can be fatal and both can be combated treated on time. The first aid for both of these conditions is quite similar so we will cater to both under heart attack first aid.

Read more about heart health and diseases. 

Symptoms of Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest

If you see any of the following symptoms in someone, you should provide instant help

  • Heartburn
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cold sweat
  • Lightheadedness and dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Tightness and pain in the chest
  • Extreme pain in the left arm
  • Pain that spreads to the neck and jaw

The symptoms of cardiac arrest are as follows

  • Heart palpitations
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeats
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fainting
  • Sudden collapse
  • Loss of consciousness

Heart Attack First Aid

Now that we have developed that cardiac arrest and heart attack can be combated with instant treatment. Here is what you should do as soon as you notice the above mentioned symptoms in someone.

1. Call The Ambulance

Yes, you read it right. No matter how pro you get in giving heart attack first aid, your first step should be to call your local emergency number. You never know when the situation might get out of hand. After calling the ambulance you should focus on providing heart attack first aid yourself.

2. Give An Aspirin

Giving an aspirin immediately can thin the blood. This can help overcome the blockage in the heart. It prevents clotting in the heart and prevents heart muscle damage. Before giving aspirin to the patient you must be sure that they are not allergic to aspirin and their doctors haven’t prescribed them to avoid it.

3. Give Nitroglycerine

Nitroglycerine helps in thinning the blood and breaking the clots in the blood. This thin blood can pass through even the blockage in the heart, preventing extra damage to the heart. Aspirin and Nitroglycerine do not stop heart attack and cardiac arrest but can lessen the damage caused to the heart.

4. Give CPR If The Person Is Unconscious

If the patient is unconscious and you sense no pulse, start CPR immediately. Unfortunately, not everyone can give effective CPR. For this, you might need some training but trust me it can help save lives. CPR helps the blood keep flowing.

CPR is a technique that is used to keep the blood flowing when the patient is unconscious and his breathing and heartbeat have stopped. An effective CPR is a combination of physical compressions in the chest and mouth-to-mouth respiration. You must push hard and fast on the center of the person’s chest in a fairly rapid rhythm — about 100 to 120 compressions a minute.

Even without the mouth to mouth breathing, you can give effective CPR through physical compressions. The mouth-to-mouth breathing is to imitate breathing for the patient so some amount of blood keeps flowing through the body.
A CPR can not give life to a deceased patient but can help keep the patient alive until proper or more aggressive treatment is administered.

5. Give Early Defibrillation

AED (automatic external defibrillator) is a compact device used to generate electric shocks. These shocks help the heart regain its rhythm. These devices are designed to be used at home by nonprofessionals so you don’t have to worry about using them. CPR along with AEDs can dramatically increase survival rates for sudden cardiac arrest.

AED can only be used if there is an abnormal rhythm. If the patient is having a cardiac arrest without such a faulty rhythm, AED can not help at all. In such cases, CPR can help until proper care is provided.

6. Advanced Care

Now that you have managed to keep the patient alive, the patient needs proper hospitalized care. This will help treat the damage that has occurred and prevent further complications and reoccurrence.

The Bottom Line

Heart attack or cardiac arrest can be fatal, if not it can be traumatizing, to say the least. The best way to go is to keep a healthy heart and prevent all such situations. Cardiac arrest and heart attack are often a result of an already diseased heart so it is happy to keep your heart health in check.

Book an appointment now, to answer all your queries. You can book an appointment with top cardiologists in Pakistan through Marham by calling at Marham helpline: 0311-1222398 or by online appointment booking facility through the website or Marham mobile app.

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Hiba Batool
She is a nutrition graduate from Kinnaird College, Lahore. She is a nutritionist by profession. Her interests lie in medical research and writing. She masters in all topics related to nutrition and health.