How To Treat These 6 Common Oral Complaints

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The term dentistry originated from the word dentist, which have roots in French word dentistry, which means tooth. Dentistry is a special branch of medicine that is concerned with the diagnosis, anticipation, and treatment of teeth, gums and other related structures of the oral cavity.

Dental treatments are performed by a specialized dental team which consists of a dentist and dental auxiliaries which may be dental assistants, dental hygienists, dental technicians, or dental therapists. A dentist should be qualified by at least 4 years of dental education (BDS). You can find best dentists in Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad here. Additional qualification is needed if the doctor is required to treat some complex condition like sedation, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and dental implants.


Oral health is vital for general health and the quality of life. According to WHO 60-90% of school going children and almost 100% of adults are facing oral problems worldwide. It is more common in poor people. So it is really a necessity of time to take oral issues seriously and contact a dentist.

Must Read: 4 Best Dentists in Karachi, Pakistan

Preventive Measures for Oral Diseases:

As in the case of any ailment, prevention is far better than cure. Same is in this field. Dentist recommends the following precautions to avoid oral and dental problems.

  • Brush the teeth twice a day with quality fluoride toothpaste.
  • Clean the teeth every day with floss or another type of between-the-teeth cleaner.
  • Limit sugary snacks and fizzy juices.
  • Don’t smoke or chew tobacco.
  • Visit the dentist or oral health professional regularly or at least once in a year.

Common Complaints

Enamel Degradation

It is a very common problem which is characterized by the decolorized enamel. It mainly caused by the more usage of fizzy drinks and sugary snakes. Acids of these food items corrode the enamel. Sometimes harsh brushing is also a cause of it. The lost enamel cannot get back, usage of a soft toothbrush is recommended to avoid more enamel degradation.


Commonly it is known as dry mouth. It is caused by a lack of saliva in the mouth and this may be due to a variety of reasons. One well-known reason for it, the side effect of any medication. Unfortunately, there is no direct method to cure it. If it is due to some medicine use it is recommended to stop its intake. In some cases use plenty of water also helps.

Tooth Decay

When the plaque (sticky layer on the teeth) combines with the sugar or starch (present in the food) it makes acid which attacks tooth enamel and causes cavities and tooth decay. To prevent this condition brushing twice, daily flossing and regular dental checkups are recommended.

Related: 5 Tips for Taking Care of Your Bleeding Gums

Periodontal Disease

It is the infection of gum surrounding the teeth. It is caused by bacteria present in the plaque. It leads to the bad breath, swollen and bleeding gums, painful chewing, sensitive and lose teeth. To prevent this ailment brushing twice a day, daily flossing and regular dental checkups are recommended. Early treatment can save from serious consequences.

Tooth Infection (Root Infection)

This painful condition happens when the root of the teeth infected and filled with bacteria. These bacteria cause damage to the nerve and pulp tissues inside the tooth. If it prolongs it may cause painful abscesses and facial swelling. For this condition, root canal treatment is recommended

Oral Cancer

It is a deadly condition which affects a huge population around the world. It is generally caused by alcohol, tobacco including chewing tobacco and virus. Its symptoms include sores, lumps, or rough areas in the mouth. Regular oral checkups by a good dentist may help to catch oral cancer at an early stage. And whenever a person observes any of the symptoms or feels trouble in chewing, swallowing, or moving tongue or jaw, a visit to the dentist is mandatory.

Now You Can Easily Find Best Dentist in Main Cities of Pakistan:

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Tayyaba Waris
She is a student of Ph.D. molecular biology at Comsats University, Islamabad. She is working on the causes and treatment of male infertility. She has also worked on liver disease and its herbal treatments and has recently got her paper published in the National journal of Natural Pharmaceuticals. At Marham, she writes about hot medical issues and general health problems.